PUBLIC-4AAF5C:

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
CC License:


Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
CC License:

Image use policy

Our images can be used under a CC BY attribution licence (unless stated otherwise).

TOKEN

Unique ID: PUBLIC-4AAF5C

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A copper-alloy trader's token of post-medieval date. c.AD 1600-1700. It is from William Moore of Colchester. Williamson (1889, 218) Essex No. 135, see also Mason (1902, 45).

Obv: W/I with stars either side within an inner circle. Legend surrounding: [WILLIAM MOORE BAYS]

Rev: M/WM within an inner circle. Legend surrounding: [MAKER IN COLCHESTER]

During the mid-17th century (c.1648-1672), due to a shortage of official coins, halfpenny and farthing tokens were issued by private businesses to facilitate small change exchange.

Williamson (1889, 218) notes that 'the "W,I" on the obverse is probably a merchant-mark, as there are two lines through the body of the I, and the correct initials of husband and wife appear on the reverse. The token is very common, and three dies were used of the same type, but varying in details. William Moore was mayor of colchester in 1663, 1664, 1670, 1681, and 1694.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
Period from: POST MEDIEVAL
Period to: POST MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1600
Date to: Circa AD 1700

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Weight: 0.91 g
Diameter: 15 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Saturday 13th October 2018

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr David Clarke
Identified by: Mr David Clarke

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Completeness: Complete

Jetton/ token data

Class: English
Group: Not further defined
Denomination: Token farthing
Obverse description: W/I with stars either side within an inner circle
Obverse inscription: [WILLIAM MOORE BAYS]
Reverse description: M/WM within an inner circle
Reverse inscription: [MAKER IN COLCHESTER]
Degree of wear: Extremely worn: poor

Spatial metadata

Region: Eastern (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Essex (County)
District: Colchester (District)
Parish or ward: Dedham (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TM0331
Four figure Latitude: 51.94045643
Four figure longitude: 0.95190574
1:25K map: TM0331
1:10K map: TM03SW
Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Operations to a depth less than 0.25 m

References cited

No references cited so far.

Similar objects

Find number: SF-60C021
Object type: TOKEN
Broadperiod: POST MEDIEVAL
A copper-alloy trader's token of Post-medieval date. It is from William Moore of Colchester. Obv: W/I with stars either side within an inne…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Find number: ESS-F8BAE2
Object type: TOKEN
Broadperiod: POST MEDIEVAL
17th century Copper alloy trade token of William Moore of Colchester, Essex. See Mason 1902, page 45.
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Find number: KENT-0F1CFB
Object type: TOKEN
Broadperiod: POST MEDIEVAL
A worn copper-alloy half-penny token issued by Robert Hall of Lincoln, mid 17th century (c.AD 1648-1672), simlar to Williamson no.150 (1889, …
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: PUBLIC
Created: 4 months ago
Updated: 4 months ago

Other formats: this page is available as qrcode json xml geojson pdf rdf representations.