Rights Holder: Surrey County Council
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Unique ID: SUR-474EA9

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

A fragment of an enameled copper alloy flat-ringed terret, 51.1mm in length, of later Iron Age date. The fragment comprises a portion of a rounded to sub-rectangular sectioned bar flanked by a 16.4mm wide and partly concave, oval expansion or collar at the end. A portion of a crescentic loop expands in width from the terminal but is broken at a point 30.6mm around the circumference. There is a surviving portion of red champlevé enamel decoration on either side of the portion of the loop, which would originally have covered the whole loop in an axially symmetrical curvilinear design featuring sweeping tendrils, triskeles and scrolls.


Terret rings were used as rein guides on chariots or carts used during the Late Iron Age to Early Roman period. They were set in a line along the yoke and five terrets were usually used per chariot. This suggested function is supported by evidence of wear or fractures on many examples. The Stanwick / Melsonby hoard included a complete set of such horse trappings.

Lewis (2015, 108) suggests that terrets of this form which exhibit only red enamel are most likely to date from the 1st century AD. Terrets with crescentic loops tend towards a marked southern and eastern distribution (Jope, 2000, 157). This example is possibly attributable to Spratling's (1972) Group VIII, subgroup. More complete examples on the database include ESS-96F773 and NMS-8405DE.

Class: crescentic, flat-ringed-ringed terret
Sub class: Lewis (2015, 108; Jope, 2000, 157; Spratling's (1972) Group VIII,

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: IRON AGE
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: IRON AGE
Subperiod to: Early
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 1
Date to: Circa AD 100

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 51.1 mm
Width: 16.4 mm
Thickness: 7.5 mm
Weight: 25.9 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Tuesday 21st August 2018

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Dr Simon Maslin
Identified by: Dr Simon Maslin

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Fragment
Surface Treatment: Inlaid with enamel

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Surrey (County)
District: Mole Valley (District)
Parish or ward: Bookham South (District Ward)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TQ1353
Four figure Latitude: 51.2649653
Four figure longitude: -0.38175842
1:25K map: TQ1353
1:10K map: TQ15SW
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SUR
Created: 5 months ago
Updated: 30 days ago

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