PAS-366BC7: Late early-medieval to medieval cloisonné enamelled disc brooch

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BROOCH

Unique ID: PAS-366BC7

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

An incomplete late early-medieval (late Anglo-Saxon) to medieval copper-alloy cloisonné enamelled disc brooch (late 10th - 11th century), of the Saunderton type (Weetch Type 20.A).

The brooch is constructed from a base-plate of copper alloy originally with seven equidistant rounded projections; three have been snapped off completely, with only four surviving, non consecutively. A circular copper-alloy collar has been soldered onto this base plate and set within the collar is the cloisonné enamel pattern. The pattern is marked out by copper alloy cells and comprises six conjoined triangles, rendered imperfectly. Three alternate cells are filled with dark blue enamel, which in one of the cells has suffered a transverse crack. The other three alternating cells each feature a small triangular cell nested within the main cell. This abuts the border and is filled with yellow enamel, some having suffered some losses. As noted, it is one of these last cells, with a small, nested cell, that is rendered particularly imperfectly; its apex abuts one of the other edges rather than travelling to the centre; the small triangle leans to one side; the larger chevron is filled with white enamel, rather than the turquoise of the other two. On each of the projecting lobes a small collar of copper strip was soldered; this can be seen on the four extant lobes, with the broken side on one other. Each strip would have secured a glass pellet; three remain, one seemingly dark blue, the other two more translucent, lighter blue.

On the reverse of the base-plate are the remains of the twin lugs which would have secured the pin, each set towards opposing edges. Both were formed of strips, bent up into an arch at their centres and soldered on at their ends; both have broken through at their raised up centres, naturally a weak point. There are patches of gilding remaining on the reverse and on the collar and front of the base-plate.

Buckton (1986, 8) catalogues fifteen of these brooches, they are very similar in form and decoration.

Class: cloisonné enamelled (Weetch Type 20)
Sub class: Saunderton type (Weetch Type 20.A)

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Period to: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 950
Date to: Circa AD 1125

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Robert Webley
Identified by: Mr Robert Webley

Other reference numbers

Other reference: GAS2

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Incomplete
Surface Treatment: Inlaid with enamel

Spatial metadata

Region: South West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Dorset (County)
District: East Dorset (District)
To be known as: Gussage All Saints CP

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: PAS
Created: 8 months ago
Updated: 7 months ago

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