KENT-AC2124: Seal Matrix naming William Odiham

Rights Holder: Kent County Council
CC License:


Rights Holder: Kent County Council
CC License:

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SEAL MATRIX

Unique ID: KENT-AC2124

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A cast copper-alloy pedestal seal matrix, dating to the 13th/14th century, possibly dating to the period AD c.1340-c.1370.

Descriptions: The matrix is conical in shape with a hexagonal die and collar formed from three ridges separating the handle from a drilled trifolate suspension loop. The circular matrix has a heraldic shield of arms device on a square top shield decorated by two birds (top) and a rose? (bottom) divided by a hatched chevron. Heraldically this could be described as 'A chevron (fretty?) between in chief two swans and in base a rose?'. The shield is within a tressure of six arches with two annulets in each arch to the side. The device is surrounded by the inscription "+SIGILLVM.WALTERI.ODIhA' ". Which translates as 'Seal of Walter Odyham'. An orientation mark is present on the top of the die in the form of four etched pellets. The matrix is a very dark grey colour, this colour and also a noticeable weight makes a high lead copper-alloy likely.

Measurements: The seal matrix is 30.33mm in height, 24.48mm in diameter (at the die end), 9.57mm wide (at the suspension loop end), 5.28mm thick (at thinnest point at the suspension loop) and weighs 19.22g.

Discussion: Small heraldic seal matrices gained popularity at the very end of the 12th century and this pedestal form itself was particularly popular between c. 1250 - c.1400.

Dr. Clive Cheesman the Richmond Herald observes that the name and heraldry shown on this matrix can be linked to a seal shown on a tenement grant dated 1360, between a 'Walter De Odyham', Rector of St.John's Walbrook and Richard Sauvage, Rector of St. Michael's Cornhill, both in London. The document is listed in the national archives as E329/31 (E 329). A date in the mid 14th century therefore seems likely.

Inscription: +SIGILLVM.WALTERI.ODIhA'

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Period to: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1340
Date to: Circa AD 1360

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Height: 30.33 mm
Width: 9.57 mm
Thickness: 5.28 mm
Weight: 19.22 g
Diameter: 24.48 mm

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Jo Ahmet
Identified by: Mr Jo Ahmet

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Decoration style: Heraldic
Completeness: Complete
Surface Treatment: Incised or engraved or chased

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Kent (County)
District: Ashford (District)
Parish or ward: Chilham (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TR0754
Four figure Latitude: 51.24759394
Four figure longitude: 0.96462332
1:25K map: TR0754
1:10K map: TR05SE
Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: KENT
Created: 8 months ago
Updated: 8 months ago

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