KENT-428F41: Stuart champlevé Bridle Boss

Rights Holder: Kent County Council
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Unique ID: KENT-428F41

Object type certainty: Probably
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A fragment of enamelled cast copper-alloy probable bridle boss of likely 17th century date.

Description: The fragment survives roughly circularly in plan, barring breaks. It is roughly domed also. The central dome has knotwork decoration cast in relief creating cells into which dark cobalt blue enamel has been inlaid in the champlevé technique. The knotwork is roughly cruciform with each arm formed from pair S-scrolls and has a central boss, it is worth noting it may have an intentional vegetative effect. Only traces of the enamel now survive. All the edges are jagged and worn, but the fragment likely represents only the central raised buss and would have originally featured a wide circular flan around the edge as seen on (HAMP3231), that would have had rivet holes for its fixing and possible secondary enamel field forming a border. The copper-alloy is heavily patinated and the enamel where remaining a dark blue.

Measurements: 49.96mm diameter, 6.5mm (Centre point) and 3.29mm (edge) thickness and 36.61g in weight.

Discussion: This object is a probable example of so called 'Stuart Enamelling' of the mid to late 17th century. In another recorded example (SOM-BB0BB4) the database record notes that according to the late Geoff Egan, the manufacturers of this sort of material also produced enamelled buckles, buttons, stirrups and ornate candlesticks. This material was primarily produced during the Commonwealth period and later (if not slightly earlier as well). The range was formerly known as 'Surrey Enamels' from a mistaken attribution to a foundry there, but it has recently come to light that known makers in London were responsible (Blair 2005). A more complete example would be HAMP3231.

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: Include in PostMedArch

Class: Boss

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
Period from: POST MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1625
Date to: Circa AD 1700

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Thickness: 6.5 mm
Weight: 36.61 g
Diameter: 49.96 mm

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Andy Ward
Identified by: Ms Laura Burnett
Secondary identifier: Mr Jo Ahmet

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Decoration style: Floral
Completeness: Fragment
Surface Treatment: Inlaid with enamel

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Kent (County)
District: Maidstone (District)
Parish or ward: Thurnham (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TQ8057
Four figure Latitude: 51.28369628
Four figure longitude: 0.57971378
1:25K map: TQ8057
1:10K map: TQ85NW
Grid reference source: Generated from computer mapping software
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: KENT
Created: 5 months ago
Updated: 4 months ago

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