SWYOR-310014: Roman Cosmetic Pestle; end looped

Rights Holder: West Yorkshire Archaeology Advisory Service
CC License:

Image use policy

Our images can be used under a CC BY attribution licence (unless stated otherwise).


Unique ID: SWYOR-310014

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A copper alloy end looped cosmetic pestle of late Iron Age or Roman date, 100 BC - AD 300. It consists of a curved length of cast metal, of rounded cross section, tapering to a blunt point at one end. The crescentic rod has a central ridge on the upper face, and suggestions of side carinations. The working edge is not particularly worn. The other end curves back on itself and joins the underside of the stem, forming a teardrop shaped suspension loop. This is in the form of a bird's head with a marked brow ridge and an everted bill or beak. There is wear on the inner edge and external end of the loop. The pestle has a smooth, dark brown patina. It is 62.8mm long, 15.8mm wide and 6.2mm thick. It weighs 13.38gm.

A number of similar pestles are recorded on the database: see for example SOM-8CAF0C and SF-296EAC. Compare also examples in Jackson (1985), such as number 167 and number 70. Jackson notes that cosmetic mortars and pestles are a British phenomenon,in use before the Roman invasion. Precise dating is difficult, but most appear to be from the late Iron Age to early Roman periods, circa 100 BC - 300 AD, with the heyday of their use in AD 50 - 200.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: ROMAN
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: IRON AGE
Subperiod to: Late
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa 100 BC
Date to: Circa AD 300

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 62.8 mm
Width: 15.8 mm
Thickness: 6.3 mm
Weight: 13.38 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 1st April 2018 - Monday 30th April 2018

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Julie Scriven
Identified by: Ms Julie Scriven
Secondary identifier: Mr Jack Volunteer Coulthard

Other reference numbers

Other reference: PAS form number 3159

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: Yorkshire and the Humber (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: North Yorkshire (County)
District: Selby (District)
Parish or ward: Heck (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SE5821
Four figure Latitude: 53.68224914
Four figure longitude: -1.12333918
1:25K map: SE5821
1:10K map: SE52SE
Grid reference source: Centred on field
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

Similar objects

Find number: SF-296EAC
Broadperiod: IRON AGE
A complete cast copper-alloy cosmetic pestle dating to the late Iron Age or early Roman period, c. 100 BC- 200 AD. It is broadly crescentic i…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Find number: SWYOR-757097
Broadperiod: ROMAN
A probable copper alloy Romano-British end-looped cosmetic pestle probably dating from AD 50 - 200. The pestle is unusually large and chunky.…
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Find number: WILT-F65FFF
Broadperiod: IRON AGE
An iron age copper alloy cosmetic pestle dating to the period c 100 BC- c AD 300. The pestle is incomplete as it is missing the end loop. The…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SWYOR
Created: 7 months ago
Updated: 6 months ago

Other formats: this page is available as qrcode json xml geojson pdf rdf representations.