HAMP-B20DEB: Post-medieval nutcracker

Rights Holder: Hampshire Cultural Trust
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Unique ID: HAMP-B20DEB

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete post-medieval copper alloy pocket-sized screw-action nutcracker, consisting of the ring of the nutcracker only (and missing the screw handle/ thumbpiece section).
The ring is slightly oval in shape (rather than perfectly circular) and has a D-shaped cross-section (being flat to the inside surface). To opposing sides of the hoop are two sub-circular projections, one of which is a walled perforation 12.7x12.1mm (internal 8.5x7.4mm) and 4.9mm tall. It has a screw-thread to the inside and a decorative concentric groove around the outside, which is faceted and octofoil in shape. The second projection is a seal matrix measuring 12.8x12.1mm, with a slight hollowing on the inside of the loop at this point (with additional possibly hammer/ working marks). The matrix projects 3.4mm from the ring and is inscribed with W I (or perhaps I M) either side of a vertical rib. At one end a crescent rib curves over the end, at the other there is a crescent rib to either side (creating a circle shape) with a short narrow horizontal extending either side of the vertical rib. Flanking the outside of the crescent curves are short radiating ribs. There is a pellet above and below each letter and a concentric ring surrounds the isncription and decoration.
The object has lost its original patina and is brown in colour with patches of light green concretion (especially on the outside of the hoop and its inner surface). It measures 27.53mm in length and 23.4mm in width, with an internal measurement of 19.4x18.7mm. It is max.12.7mm in thickness and weighs 11.45g.

With grateful thanks to Laura Burnett for her recognition of this object. Ms. Burnett further comments on dating for this object type, 'They are often late 17th century in date, there is one of slightly different style with a 1676 date on the matrix so late 17th to early 18th century' (pers. comm. July 2018). See also http://www.antiquemetalware.org.uk/2017/09/18/screw-action-nutcracker/, and PUBLIC-6FF674, SWYOR-142317 and LANCUM-C8E757 on this database.

Find of note status

This has been noted as an interesting find by the recorder.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
Period from: POST MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1650
Date to: Circa AD 1750

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 27.53 mm
Width: 23.4 mm
Thickness: 12.7 mm
Weight: 11.45 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Tuesday 1st August 2017 - Thursday 31st August 2017

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Katie Hinds
Identified by: Ms Katie Hinds
Secondary identifier: Ms Laura Burnett

Other reference numbers

Other reference: Hampshire Cultural Trust Object Entry Form WINCM 628

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Hampshire (County)
District: Winchester (District)
To be known as: Bishops Waltham

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: HAMP
Created: 5 months ago
Updated: 5 months ago

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