HESH-0AD4E2: Medieval: Ceramic pottery vessel

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
CC License:


Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
CC License:

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
CC License:

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VESSEL

Unique ID: HESH-0AD4E2

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Eardisland History and Heritage Group

Eardisland Excavation 2000-2010

Site Summary: Finds were made during the excavation of a mound in the grounds adjacent to the dwelling: Burton Court Eardisland. The trench in which the majority of artefacts were found measured 5 metres by 3 metres. The stratified assemblage of pottery is of regional importance being especially well preserved and evidence for a domestic non-castle medieval site dating from the twelfth to early thirteenth centuries (1100-1250)

Site number: BC 00

Sector: A

Context number: 107

Three base sherds of Malvern Chaseware HER (Hereford) B1 - probably produced at Hanley Castle, Worcestershire. from hand made cooking pots.

The largest fragment measures: 34.9mm high, 81.7mm width, is 8.1mm thick across the base and 8.8mm across the wall; it weighs 47.3 grams. The shred represents 12% of the base which has a projected diameter of 23cm

The smallest fragment measures: 57.4mm length, 42.3mm width, 7.3mm thick; it weighs 25.9 grams.

Bulk weight: 120.2 grams

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Sherd specific details:

Fabric Type: Malvern Chaseware HER (Hereford) B1

Fabric Condition: A hard coarse fabric with inclusions

Firing Condition: Exterior dark brown - black, interior dark brown, core dark-grey - black

Surface texture: exterior smooth and interior smooth

Condition of sherds. Excellent - unabraded

Inclusions: Large common fragments of light - mid grey and white angular grits (max 3.0mm - 0.5mm), Sparse angular quartz (less than 0.1mm), Angular mid-grey - white soft limestone / clacite, small sparse mid grey - mid brown coloured stone (ironstone?)

Glaze: None

Class: Malvern Chaseware HER (Hereford) B1

Comments: Dr. Alan Vince - identified this as Malvern Chaseware HER (Hereford) B1 and states that the most common inclusions within the fabric consists of large angular fragments of igneous rock (up to 4.0mm across) which form up to 10% by volume of the pot. Rounded quartz (up to 1.4mm) is also common at approximately 4% by volume. Other large inclusion sometimes are 1.0mm across include rounded sandstones and metamorphic rocks. Small fragmnets of rounded chert, clay pellets, biotite, and horneblende occur, white opaque iron ore and angular quartz both less than 0.1mm are visible in section. Vessels are usually black or grey thoughout owing to reduction in the firing and the presence of carbon within the fabric.

The earliest 12th century vessels are thin-walled irregularly hand formed and roughly cylindrical cooking pots. Rims are usually everted and angular in profile while a few have a cordon just below the rim. Very little finishing is apparent. The late 12th and 13th century pots are similar although the vessels tend to become slightly larger and thicker walled with smoother profiles.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Period to: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1050
Date to: Circa AD 1300

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 3
Weight: 120.2 g

Personal details

Recorded by: Mr Peter Reavill
Identified by: Mr Peter Reavill

Materials and construction

Primary material: Ceramic
Completeness: Fragment

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: County of Herefordshire (Unitary Authority)
District: County of Herefordshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish or ward: Eardisland (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SO4257
Four figure Latitude: 52.20815492
Four figure longitude: -2.85020209
1:25K map: SO4257
1:10K map: SO45NW
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Controlled archaeological investigation (stratified)
General landuse: Other
Specific landuse: Garden

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: HESH
Created: 5 months ago
Updated: 5 months ago

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