KENT-E14929: A cancelled medieval seal matrix

Rights Holder: Kent County Council
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SEAL MATRIX

Unique ID: KENT-E14929

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A heavily worn, abraded and cancelled flat lead non-heraldic personal seal matrix of Medieval date c.AD 1200-1350.

Description: The matrix would have been a flat and circular in plan before it had been cancelled and folded over itself. There would likely have been a suspension loop at some point on the rear, but it is not visible due to the folding. On the front is an engraved central design of an eight-pointed star with the arms alternating long and short arms. This is surrounded by a legend which is heavily worn and runs retrograde (anti-clockwise) around the matrix so it would appear the right way round when used. Only part of the legend is visible, "+S'[_]CIE'R[__]F[___]M.G.". The exact translation of this is unfortunately not viable. The initial mark is formed by star with the arms pointing slightly clockwise. The matrix is heavily patinated an off-white colour typical of patinated lead.

Dimensions: 13.83mm wide, 26.74mm long (close to original diameter) and 10.77g in weight.

Discussion: This matrix fits with a group of commonly reported simple lead personal seal matrices dating to the 13th - mid 14th, such as KENT-AE1EEF. This group, with relatively simple non-heraldic designs and crude personal inscriptions belong to the 13th- early 14th century (Harvey and McGuinness 1996. 79-80).

The folding over is likely indicative of an attempt to the cancel the matrix and put it beyond use.

Inscription: +S'[_]CIE'R[__]F[___]M.G.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Period to: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1200
Date to: Circa AD 1350

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 26.74 mm
Width: 13.83 mm
Weight: 10.77 g

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Jo Ahmet
Identified by: Mr Jo Ahmet

Materials and construction

Primary material: Lead
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Incomplete
Surface Treatment: Incised or engraved or chased

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Kent (County)
District: Dover (District)
Parish or ward: Wingham (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TR2458
Four figure Latitude: 51.2770876
Four figure longitude: 1.21031717
1:25K map: TR2458
1:10K map: TR25NW
Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: KENT
Created: 29 days ago
Updated: 27 days ago

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