HAMP-C7100B: Late early-medieval cloisonné enamelled disc brooch

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BROOCH

Unique ID: HAMP-C7100B

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

An incomplete late early-medieval (Anglo Saxon) cloisonné enamelled copper-alloy disc brooch of 10th to 11th century date and Weetch type 20.B. It is missing its pin to the reverse.

The circular brooch appears to be formed of several component parts, those visible with the brooch in its relatively complete state being a rim, a gilded backplate and apparently separate to this the cloisonné insert. The rim is stepped to the front with traces of gilding on is vertical wall and a narrower, angled and slightly convex ring to the reverse, also with traces of gilding, from which two lugs and the curled catchplate extend. A bar joins the two lugs and has traces of iron corrosion beneath, presumably from the (now missing) pin. Gilding almost covers the backplate.

To the front, the separate cloisonné insert has a number of cells or cloisons filled with four different coloured enamels (the colours of the enamel are given as they appear today, however they may not be the original colours of enamel due to corrosion which can cause the pigments of the enamel to degrade). In the centre is a dark blue cross (or X if situated with the pin and catchplate configuration at 12 and 6 o'clock), at the centre of which is a red lozenge (or square, if situated as for the X-shape above). The arms of the cross/ 'X' expand away from the centre. The four resulting triangles alternate white and royal blue. The walls seprarting these different elements are sheet copper alloy and they appear to sit on a sheet copper alloy base.

The brooch measures 22.1 x 21.9mm and has a maximum thickness from front to catchplate of 7.7mm (without catchplate but inclusive of reverse rim, this thickness is 4.2mm). It weighs 4.05g. Copper alloy corrosion is present on both faces but where visible the metal beneath is purplish-brown in colour.

Similar brooches can be seen in Buckton 'Late 10th- and 11th-century cloisonne enamel brooches' in Medieval Archaeology (1986) Volume 30.

Find of note status

This has been noted as an interesting find by the recorder.

Class: cloisonné enamelled
Sub class: Weetch type 20.B

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod to: Late
Period to: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 900
Date to: Circa AD 1100

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 22.1 mm
Height: 7.7 mm
Width: 21.9 mm
Thickness: 7.7 mm
Weight: 4.05 g
Diameter: 22.1 mm

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Katie Hinds
Identified by: Ms Katie Hinds
Secondary identifier: Ms Katie Hinds

Other reference numbers

Other reference: Hampshire Cultural Trust Object Entry Form WINCM 675

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Incomplete
Surface Treatment: Multiple

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: West Sussex (County)
District: Chichester (District)
Parish or ward: Stoughton (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SU7413
Four figure Latitude: 50.91173289
Four figure longitude: -0.94879797
1:25K map: SU7413
1:10K map: SU71SW
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: HAMP
Created: 8 months ago
Updated: 2 months ago

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