KENT-75E947: Spade Guinea type gaming token

Rights Holder: Kent County Council
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GAMING PIECE

Unique ID: KENT-75E947

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A complete, Post Medieval to Early Modern, worn copper-alloy milled imitation half-guinea depicting George III (1760-1820), milled during the late 19th Century, c. 1850-c. 1900.

Description: Obverse: "GEORGIVS III DEI GRATIA".; Bust of George III, wearing a laureate wreath, right. Pellet stop at end of legend. Reverse: "[G.Y.I. ET.F.G.REX.F.D.SU.F.]ST.M.S.ET.C". Crowned spade shaped shield of arms, representing Great Britain, Ireland, France and Hannover. with date ".1790." below.

The gaming piece has been pierced in the manner of a small number of known examples such as LANCUM-DD3110, many of which have suspension loops suggesting they were worn as pendants or possibly added to the collar of a dog.

Measurements: 25.21mm in diameter, 0.95mm thick and 1.85g in wieght

Discussion: The Token Corresponding Society (www.tokensociety.org.uk - accessed, 14/10/2014) offers the following information on these imitations: "There is an extensive series of over 1,000 different Imitation Spade Guineas, issued not in gold but in brass or bronze. Some are gilt which can make it look like gold and this does cause some confusion. They were mostly struck in the 1800's, during the reign of Queen Victoria, but to avoid the Counterfeit Laws they, usually, have the bust of King George III on the obverse and, usually, the reverse includes the spade shield, - hence the name "spade guinea". To qualify as an Imitation Spade Guinea a coin must have one or both of these aspects.

The guineas range between 24-27mm diameter and the half guineas 20-22mm. Many coins are dated in the 1700's and not in the 1800's, to reinforce that they were not real currency guineas. Their purpose was as gaming / gambling counters, to look like sovereigns and half sovereigns, to show off the expertise of the engravers and manufacturers, many of whom were named on the piece."

A number of these have been reported ot the PAS in addition to the pierced example. Fletcher (2003, 81) discusses a number of the types found in his book on tokens and tallies.

Notes:

Object recorded for interest at Finds Surgery.

Evidence of reuse: Pierced

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
Period from: POST MEDIEVAL
Period to: MODERN
Date from: Circa AD 1850
Date to: Circa AD 1900
Period of reuse: MODERN

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Thickness: 1.85 mm
Weight: 1.85 g
Diameter: 25.21 mm

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Jo Ahmet
Identified by: Mr Jo Ahmet

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Milled
Decoration style: Heraldic
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Kent (County)
District: Tunbridge Wells (District)
Parish or ward: Paddock Wood (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TQ6644
Four figure Latitude: 51.17115123
Four figure longitude: 0.37313775
1:25K map: TQ6644
1:10K map: TQ64SE
Grid reference source: Generated from computer mapping software
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: KENT
Created: 2 months ago
Updated: 2 months ago

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