NMS-488B7B: Roman coin hoard: 1 Gold solidus of Valentinian I

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Rights Holder: Norfolk County Council
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Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
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Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
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Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
CC License:

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
CC License:

Rights Holder: Norfolk County Council
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Rights Holder: Norfolk County Council
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COIN HOARD

Unique ID: NMS-488B7B

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Circumstances of discovery: Found whilst searching with a metal detector.

Description: Roman coin hoard comprising 1 gold solidus and 19 silver siliquae to AD 364-7. Addendum to 2015 T884 & 2017 T442

Catalogue

Solidi (1)

1) Valentinian I, Antioch, reverse RESTITVTOR REIPVBLICAE, RIC IX, 2a (Antioch), mintmark ANT[gamma], listed as mintmark iv, AD364-7.

Siliquae (19)

2) Julian, Trier, reverse VOTIS/ V/ MVLTIS/ X in wreath, RIC VIII, 364, mintmark TR, AD360-3.

3) Julian, Trier, reverse VOTIS/ V/ MVLTIS/ X in wreath, RIC VIII, 365, mintmark TR[branch], AD360-3.

4) Constantius II, Lyons, reverse VOTIS/ XXX/ MVLTIS/ XXXX in wreath, RIC VIII, 216, mintmark LVG, AD360-1.

5-8) Julian, Lyons, reverse VOTIS/ V/ MVLTIS/ X in wreath, RIC VIII, 218, mintmark LVG, AD360-3.

9) Julian, Lyons, reverse VOTIS/ V/ MVLTIS/ X in wreath, RIC VIII, 227, mintmark SLVG, AD360-3.

10) Julian, Arles, reverse VOTIS/ V/ MVLTIS/ X in wreath, RIC VIII, 263, mintmark TCON, AD355-60.

11) Julian, Arles, reverse VOTIS/ V/ MVLTIS/ X in wreath, RIC VIII, 264, mintmark TCON, AD355-60.

12-13) Constantius II, Arles, reverse VOTIS/ XXX/ MVLTIS/ XXXX in wreath, RIC VIII, 291, mintmark PCON, AD360-1.

14) Constantius II, Arles, reverse VOTIS/ XXX/ MVLTIS/ XXXX in wreath, RIC VIII, 291, mintmark SCON, AD360-1.

15-16) Julian, Arles, reverse VOT/ X/ MVLT/ XX in wreath, RIC VIII, 309, mintmark SCONST, AD361-3.

17) Julian, Arles, reverse VOT/ X/ MVLT/ XX in wreath, RIC VIII, 309, mintmark TCONST, AD361-3.

18) Julian, Arles, reverse VOT/ X/ MVLT/ XX in wreath, RIC VIII, 312, mintmark TCONST, AD361-3.

19) Julian, irregular siliqua, obverse FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, pearl diademed bust right, reverse VOTIS/ V/ MVLTIS/ X in wreath, mintmark LVG, c.AD360-5.

20) Julian, irregular siliqua, obverse CL CL IVLIANVS PP[...] (sic), pearl diademed bust right, reverse VOTS/ V/ NVLTIS/ X (sic) in wreath, mintmark uncertain, c.AD360-5.

Discussion: The coins were found in the same area as a hoard found previously which had been scattered by agricultural activity (NMS-102704/ 2015 T884) and an addendum found in 2017 (NMS-1A6962/2017 T442). As with the two previous groups of coins discovered, the present group consists largely of siliquae struck during the reigns of Constantius II and Julian, with the solidus of Valentinian I representing the latest coin in the group. The coins have little wear and the condition of the solidus is best described as mint, supporting the previously proposed deposition date as no later than the mid-360s. As such, the coins from this addendum sit well within the dates and types of coins established by the original find and the first addendum and clearly represent further coins from the same group.

This hoard would bring the total number of reported coins from the hoard to 13 solidi and 196 siliquae. Mixed gold and silver of this date are relatively unusual; for example the larger East Harptree and West Bagborough hoards from Somerset (IARCH-4096EB and IARCH-39DCDF) contained only silver coins. A comparable hoard is the slightly later Little Smeaton, North Yorkshire hoard (IARCH-5C2B05) of 1 solidus of Valentinian I, 8 miliarenses and 175 siliquae to 367-375.

Groups of two or more coins of precious metal and over 300 years old at the time of finding qualify as potential Treasure under the stipulations of the Treasure Act 1996.

Bibliography: Kent, J. P . C, 1981, The Roman Imperial Coinage Vol. VIII: The House of Constantine I, London, Spink & Son Ltd.

Pearce, J.W.E, The Roman Imperial Coinage, Volume IX: Valentinian I to Theodosius I, London, Spink & Son Ltd.

A second addendum of one solidus and 17 siliquae.

A second addendum of 1 gold solidus and 17 siliquae found by finder no. 1 (gold solidus) and finder no. 2 (silver siliquae). These were found in the same area and at the same time as the addendum discussed above.

Solidus (1)

1) Valens, Arles, reverse RESTITVTOR REIPVBLICAE, RIC IX, 1c, AD364-7

Siliquae (17)

2) Julian, Trier, reverse VOTIS/ V/ MVLTIS/ X in wreath, RIC VIII, 365, mintmark TR[branch], AD360-3

3) Julian, Lyons, reverse VICTORIA DD NN AVG, RIC VIII, 212, mintmark LVG, AD360-3

4) Julian, Lyons, reverse VOTIS/ V/ MVLTIS/ X in wreath, RIC VIII, 218, mintmark LVG, AD360-3

5) Julian, Lyons, reverse VOTIS/ V/ MVLTIS/ X in wreath, RIC VIII, 219, mintmark LVG, AD360-3

6-8) Julian, Lyons, reverse VOT/ X/ MVLT/ XX in wreath, RIC VIII, 234, mintmark PLVG, AD360-3

9-12) Constantius II, Arles, reverse VOTIS/ XXX/ MVLTIS/ XXXX in wreath, RIC VIII, 291, mintmark PCON, AD360-3

13) Constantius II, Arles, reverse VOTIS/ XXX/ MVLTIS/ XXXX in wreath, RIC VIII, 291, mintmark SCON, AD360-3

14) Julian, Arles, reverse VOTIS/ V/ MVLTIS/ X in wreath, RIC VIII, 295, mintmark [?]TCON, AD360-3

15) Julian, Arles, reverse VOT/ X/ MVLT/ XX in wreath, RIC VIII, 309, mintmark PCONST, AD360-3

16) Julian, Arles, reverse VOT/ X/ MVLT/ XX in wreath, RIC VIII, 312, mintmark PCONST, AD360-3

17) Julian, irregular siliqua, obverse FLCLIVLIA_NVSPFAVG, diademed bust right, reverse VOTIS/ V/ MVLTIS/ X in wreath, mintmark IVG, die axis 6 o'clock, weight 1.61g, c.AD360-5

18) Julian, irregular siliqua, obverse DNIVLIA_NVSAVG, diademed bust right, reverse VOTIS/ XXX/ MVLTIS/ XXXX in wreath, mintmark CON, die axis 12 o'clock, weight 1.14g, an irregular mule with a reverse appropriate to Constantius II, c.AD360-5

A third addendum of 9 siliquae (finder no. 2)

1) Julian, Trier, reverse VOTIS/ V/ MVLTIS/ X in wreath, RIC VIII, 364, mintmark TR, AD360-3.

2) Constantius II, Lyons, reverse VICTORIA DD NN AVG, RIC VIII, 211, mintmark LVG, AD360-3

3) Constantius II, Lyons, reverse VOTIS/ XXX/ MVLTIS/ XXXX in wreath, RIC VIII, 216, mintmark LVG, AD360-1.

4) Constantius II, Arles, reverse VOTIS/ XXX/ MVLTIS/ XXXX in wreath, RIC VIII, 291, mintmark SCON, AD360-1.

5-6) Julian, Arles, reverse VOTIS/ V/ MVLTIS/ X in wreath, RIC VIII, 295, mintmark TCON, AD360-3

7) Julian, Arles, reverse VOT/ X/ MVLT/ XX in wreath, RIC VIII, 309, mintmark PCONST, AD360-3

8) Julian, irregular, FLCLIVLIA_NVSFEAVG, draped bust right, reverse VOTIS/ V/ MVLTIS/ X in wreath, mintmark LVG.

9) Julian, irregular, FLCLIVLIA_NVSPFAVG, draped bust right, reverse VOT/ X/ MVLT/ XX in wreath, mintmark CONT.

Notes:

The obverse of the solidus in the first group is die-linked with BM R.217 but RIC IX only has mintmark iv recorded for officina H under Valentinian I, although Γ is recorded for Valens.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2018T476

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 364
Date to: Circa AD 367

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 47

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 1st July 2018 - Monday 9th July 2018

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Miss Julie Shoemark
Identified by: Dr Adrian Marsden
Secondary identifier: Dr Eleanor Ghey

Other reference numbers

SMR reference number: 60166
Other reference: KLMD072018
Treasure case number: 2018T476

Materials and construction

Primary material: Silver
Secondary material: Gold
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Completeness: Uncertain

Spatial metadata

Region: Eastern (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Norfolk (County)
District: King's Lynn and West Norfolk (District)
Parish or ward: Grimston (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TF7421
Four figure Latitude: 52.75858359
Four figure longitude: 0.57710125
1:25K map: TF7421
1:10K map: TF72SW
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: NMS
Created: About one year ago
Updated: 2 months ago

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