CORN-23155B: spindle whorl (plan)

Rights Holder: Royal Institution of Cornwall
CC License:


Rights Holder: Royal Institution of Cornwall
CC License:

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SPINDLE WHORL

Unique ID: CORN-23155B

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A complete micaceous pink slate spindle whorl, circular in plan and sub-rectangular in profile, with parallel faces. ranging in colour from grey, black and pinkish. The whorl has been perforated through the centre and the hole is circular in plan and cylindrical in profile, 9.1 mm in diameter and 6.8 mm deep, and very close to the centre so that the whorl would be balanced while used in the spinning process. The hole is slightly flanged as it opens out at the surface of each face and was probably drilled with a bow drill with a flint or metal tip. There appear to be circular recesses in the surface on one side, around the circumference of the perforation, but these are probably due to use wear and damage and not deliberate decoration. Slate is commonly used in the county for spindle whorls as it is light and easy to work as it fractures into its sedimentary layers. The faces can then be easily ground to make them parallel and equally weighted on both sides, and the edges worked into a circular form to aid the spinning process. There is a transverse groove worn on opposite sides of the whorl, from the perforation to the outer edge, were a cord or similar could have been strung, suggesting the whorl could have been used as a pendant or just suspended when not in use.

Radford (1951) illustrates a spindle whorl of native micaceous slate that also has flat parallel sides and a slightly waisted off-set whole, from the Iron Age hillfort at Castle Dore, Fowey, on page 72, fig.11, no.4, which is dated from the 4th century to the 1st century BC.

Threipland (1956) illustrates schist and slate spindle whorls, from Carloggas in St Mawgan in Pydar, on page 77, fig.38, nos.12 & 13, which were excavated from the later Romano-British occupation layers.

Brooks (1974) illustrates a laminated slate spindle whorl from the Rumps cliff castle in St Minver, on page 42, fig.33, no.1, which is dated from the late Iron Age to the early Romano-British period, c.2nd century BC - AD 1st century.

Saunders & Harris (1982) illustrate a pink buff slate spindle whorl from Castle Gotha, St Austell, on page 133, fig.10, no.15, which dates from the 1st century AD.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: IRON AGE
Subperiod from: Early
Period from: IRON AGE
Subperiod to: Late
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa 700 BC
Date to: Circa AD 500

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Thickness: 6.8 mm
Weight: 10.5 g
Diameter: 35 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Friday 1st January 2016 - Saturday 31st December 2016

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Anna Tyacke
Identified by: Ms Anna Tyacke

Materials and construction

Primary material: Stone
Manufacture method: Ground/polished
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: South West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)
District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)
Parish or ward: Perranzabuloe (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SW7754
Four figure Latitude: 50.34359633
Four figure longitude: -5.13555225
1:25K map: SW7754
1:10K map: SW74NE
Grid reference source: Generated from computer mapping software
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Fieldwalking
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: CORN
Created: About one month ago
Updated: 25 days ago

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