IOW-7CE7A7: Roman: Developed T shaped Brooch

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
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Unique ID: IOW-7CE7A7

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete Roman copper-alloy developed T-shaped brooch (c. AD 75-c. 150).

Most of the pin and the lower part of the bow are missing.

The head has two hollow cylindrical wings, now 24.0mm wide, to hold the axis bar for the hinged pin. The axis bar appears to be made of iron. Between the wings at the rear of the head is a slot in which the pin hinges. Part of the copper-alloy flat loop of the pin survives in the slot. The outer ends of each wing are abraded.

The bow is sub-triangular in plan, convex and moulded at the front and flat at the rear. It projects at 45ยบ from the head then immediately curves downwards steeply in a very shallow curve before ending in a worn break. The bow tapers in width evenly from the head to the break. Adjacent to the wings the width is 9.0mm and close to the break the width is 5.6mm. At the front, the upper part of the bow has an incised saltire cross. Below the cross are two opposing sub-triangular cells for enamel. However, none survives although each cell has a brown deposit which is probably decayed enamel.

This brooch has a brown patina which is lost in places and the break at the bottom of the bow is old.

Length: 20.8mm; width of wings: 24.0mm; maximum thickness of bow: 2.9mm. Weight: 4.39g.

T-shaped brooches are very variable in the decoration on their bows although incised decoration and raised lozenges, often containing enamel, are common. Bayley and Butcher (2004:167) suggest this type is mainly South Western in distribution and dates to the later first - early 2nd century AD (c. 75-150).

A similar brooch from Bath, Avon, has been published (Hattatt 1985: 89, fig. 37, ref: 389).

Bayley, J. and Butcher, S., 2004. Roman Brooches in Britain: A Technological and Typological Study Based on the Richborough Collection London: The Society of Antiquaries.

Hattatt, R. 1985. Iron Age and Roman Brooches. Oxford: Oxbow Books.

Class: Developed T-shaped

Subsequent actions

Current location of find: Finder
Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: ROMAN
Subperiod from: Early
Period from: ROMAN
Subperiod to: Early
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 75
Date to: Circa AD 150

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 20.8 mm
Width: 24 mm
Thickness: 2.9 mm
Weight: 4.39 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 20th May 2018 - Sunday 20th May 2018

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Frank Basford
Identified by: Mr Frank Basford

Other reference numbers

Other reference: IOW2018-2-50

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Secondary material: Iron
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Isle of Wight (Unitary Authority)
District: Isle of Wight (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: Isle of Wight

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Discovery circumstances: Club rally
Current location: Finder
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Operations to a depth greater than 0.25m

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: IOW
Created: 6 months ago
Updated: 6 months ago

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