HAMP-6F007F: Middle Bronze Age palstave

Rights Holder: Hampshire Cultural Trust
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Unique ID: HAMP-6F007F

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

An incomplete Middle Bronze Age Transitional palstave axehead of Schmidt and Burgess Type Roundhay, Midribbed Variant (The Axes of Scotland and Northern England, 1981; plate 64 and 65, nos.883-99), and of Penard/Wallington metalworking phase, corresponding with Needham's (1996) Periods 5 -6 and probably dating to 1300 - 1100BC. The incomplete axehead consists of the blade, loop and roughly half the butt end.
The blade has incurved long edges and an expanded cutting edge (38.7mm wide and 2.3mm thick), which has suffered some slight damage and has a shallow curve. On both faces is a prominent central mid-rib extending vertically below the stop-ridge and expanding, shallowing-out, into the lower blade. On one face it is wider and shallower, on the other narrower and higher.
The loop extends in a C-shape to the side, measuring 28.9mm in length and 11.0mm in thickness and projecting c.15mm. The casting flash is apparent both above and below the loop (where it is slightly to one side of the loop) and has been smoothed down.
The stop ridge has squared-corners and a depth on either side of c.8mm. It is 27.1mm wide and 12.7mm thick at this point (inside the flanges 8.9mm thick). At the old break (which has an H-shaped cross-section) it measures 26.2mm wide and 10.3mm thick.

The axehead measures 115.6mm in length, 39.0mm in max.width (across the loop), 31.4mm in max.thickness and weighs 268g (to the nearest 2g). It has a greyish-green patina with brighter green corrosion at the butt end and some pitting towards the cutting edge.

Find of note status

This has been noted as an interesting find by the recorder.

Class: Transitional palstave Type Roundhay, Midribbed Variant

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: BRONZE AGE
Subperiod from: Middle
Period from: BRONZE AGE
Subperiod to: Middle
Period to: BRONZE AGE
Date from: Circa 1300 BC
Date to: Circa 1100 BC

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 115.6 mm
Width: 39 mm
Thickness: 31.4 mm
Weight: 268 g

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Katie Hinds
Identified by: Ms Katie Hinds

Other reference numbers

Other reference: Hampshire Cultural Trust Object Entry Form WINCM 655

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Oxfordshire (County)
District: South Oxfordshire (District)
Parish or ward: Moulsford (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SU5884
Four figure Latitude: 51.55191577
Four figure longitude: -1.16487958
1:25K map: SU5884
1:10K map: SU58SE
Grid reference source: Generated from computer mapping software
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: HAMP
Created: 8 months ago
Updated: 2 months ago

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