HESH-44097D: Iron Age coin hoad: obverse

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COIN HOARD

Unique ID: HESH-44097D

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

4 gold and 15 silver Iron Age coins from

TEME VALLEY, Shropshire

Report to H M Coroner

BM ref.: 2018 T340; PAS ID: HESH-44097D

This report will consider these coins with respect to the criteria laid down in the Treasure act (1996): Namely, their age, precious metal content and whether the coins can be said to come from the same find.

Circumstances of discovery: Iron Age coins were reported to the PAS Finds Liaison Officer Peter Reavill by the landowners of a farm in Shropshire in March 2018. They are thought to have been found by two metal-detector users during (or before) October and November 2017. These metal detectorists are known only to the landowners by their first names. The items submitted were handed over to the landowners after their visit along with other artefacts of varied date. The findspot of the hoard within the land must therefore remain speculative and a more detailed report on the circumstances of the discovery has been submitted to the coroner by the FLO.

Contents of find: The find comprises four Iron Age gold coins (one of which is plated), and 15 silver Iron Age coins (three of which are plated). The majority of the coins (1 to 14 below) are of types produced in western Britain in the first half of the first century BC and often attributed to the tribe later referred to as the Dobunni. Their coins are mainly found in the area covering the modern county of Gloucestershire and parts of Wiltshire, Oxfordshire, Warwickshire, Worcestershire and Herefordshire. The area of distribution extends into Shropshire and the West Midlands, and these are therefore the local Iron Age coins of the region.

There is one North-Eastern Iron Age silver unit (no. 15), traditionally attributed to the Corieltavi and originating in the North East Midlands area but with a wide area of distribution. The remainder of the coins (no. 16 to 19) are one gold quarter stater and three silver units of types produced in East Anglia in the Iron Age and often attributed to the tribe later referred to as the Iceni. They are most commonly found in Cambridgeshire, Suffolk and Norfolk.

The coins can be summarised as:

1. Western British Iron Age stater inscribed CORIO (ABC 2048 var.).
Obverse: Leaf symbol, partly obliterated, terminating in solid pellet.
Reverse: CORIO above triple-tailed horse, r., wheel below
Weight: 5.55g.
This coin is an intermediate type retaining some details (ringed pellets above horse and cross below) seen on the reverse of the stater inscribed BODVOC (ABC 2039) and not on the later coins of CORIO (ABC 2048), cf CCI 66.0024, 69.0099 etc.

2. Western British Iron Age stater inscribed CORIO (ABC 2048).
Obverse: Leaf symbol, terminating in solid pellet.
Reverse: CORI[O] above triple-tailed horse, r., wheel below
Weight: 5.54g.

3. Plated ancient copy of a Western British Iron Age stater inscribed EISV (cf ABC 2078)
Obverse: Leaf symbol, terminating in solid pellet.
Reverse: EISV above triple-tailed hoard, r.; wheel below.
Weight: 3.15g (incomplete)

4. Uninscribed Western British Iron Age silver unit (ABC 2012)
Obverse: Head, r.
Reverse: Triple-tailed horse, l; above, wheel; below, bird's head.
Weight: 1.02g.

5. Uninscribed Western British Iron Age silver unit (ABC 2015)
Obverse: Head, r.
Reverse: Triple-tailed horse, l; above, bird's head; below, flower motif.
Weight: 1.09g.

6. Uninscribed Western British Iron Age silver unit (ABC 2015)
Obverse: Head, r.
Reverse: Triple-tailed horse, l; above, bird's head; below, flower motif.
Weight: 0.90g.

7. Uninscribed Western British Iron Age silver unit (ABC 2018)
Obverse: Head, r.
Reverse: Triple-tailed horse, l; above, stylised bird's head; below, flower motif.
Weight: 1.02g.

8. Uninscribed Western British Iron Age silver unit (cf ABC 2021)
Obverse: Head, r.
Reverse: Triple-tailed horse, l; above, crescent; below, three-petalled flower.
Weight: 0.92g.

9. Uninscribed Western British Iron Age silver unit (ABC 2027)
Obverse: Head, r.
Reverse: Triple-tailed horse, l; above, cross; below, three-petalled flower.
Weight: 0.93g.

10. Uninscribed Western British Iron Age silver unit (cf ABC 2018)
Obverse: Head, r.
Reverse: Triple-tailed horse, l; above, stylised bird's head; below, flower motif.
Weight: 0.99g.

11. Uninscribed Western British Iron Age silver unit (cf ABC 2015 ff)
Obverse: Head, r.
Reverse: Triple-tailed horse, l.
Fragmentary, weight: 0.74g.

12. Plated ancient copy of an uninscribed Western British Iron Age silver unit (cf ABC 2018 ff)
Obverse: Head, r.
Reverse: Triple-tailed horse, l.; below, flower motif (details obscured by adhering soil).
Weight: 1.04g.

13. Plated ancient copy of a ?Western British Iron Age silver unit or half unit
Obverse: Details uncertain.
Reverse: Triple-tailed horse, l. Pellet below tail. Details unclear.
Weight: 0.55g

14. Base metal core, possibly of a plated Western British Iron Age silver unit (? Cf ABC 2036)
Obverse: Details uncertain.
Reverse: Horse right, pellet cross below, crescent above.
Weight: 0.69g

15. Uninscribed North Eastern British Iron Age silver half unit (Cf ABC 1833)
Obverse: Die obliterated
Reverse: Horse, right; above, pellet rosette
Weight: 0.37g (broken)

16. Uninscribed East Anglian British Iron Age gold quarter stater (ABC 1480)
Obverse: Opposing crescents with latticed square centre.
Reverse: Horse, right; above, crescent and two pellets in rings
Weight: 1.03g

17. Inscribed ECEN or ANTED East Anglian British Iron Age silver unit
Obverse: Opposing crescents on wreath.
Reverse: Horse, right; below, three pellets and obliterated inscription.
Weight: 1.08g (possibly plated)

18. Inscribed ECEN or ANTED East Anglian British Iron Age silver unit
Obverse: Opposing crescents on wreath.
Reverse: Horse, right; below, three pellets, inscription illegible
Weight: 0.76g

19. Inscribed East Anglian British Iron Age silver unit
Obverse: Opposing crescents on wreath.
Reverse: Horse, right?; above, pellet in circle? inscription illegible (clogged die).
Weight: 1.12g

References:

ABC = E. Cottam et al. 2010, Ancient British Coinage, Aylsham

Hurst, D. and Leins, I. 2013. The Pershore Hoards and Votive Deposition in the Iron Age. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 79, pp. 297-325

Date and metal content, and of the same find?

The above coins are clearly more than 300 years old and most have a precious metal component well above the 10% threshold stipulated by the Treasure Act. They are all Iron Age but span a relatively wide date, from c. 50BC to AD 45. This date range is found in other hoards of Western British Iron Age coinage and does not preclude the deposition of coins 1 to 15 as part of the same find.

The Western British coinage is local to the region (although Shropshire is on the edge of its distribution) and therefore could constitute all or part of a hoard found in the vicinity. It is also possible (though by no means certain) that the North Eastern silver unit circulated with the Western coins, as one such coin was found with the large hoard of local Iron Age coins from Pershore, Worcestershire (Hurst and Leins 2013).

However, given the suspicions raised over the circumstances of discovery, the presence of East Anglian coins in this group might suggest that coins 16 to 19 are not of the same find as the rest, and that the East Anglian coins were acquired elsewhere. Although East Anglian coins are common finds, they have a relatively localised distribution compared to some other regional coinages, with 97% of the 4,648 coins recorded on the PAS database found in the counties of Norfolk, Suffolk and Cambridgeshire, and none recorded from Shropshire or surrounding counties.

Conclusion: On the balance of probability, coins 1 to 15 in this find may constitute a prima facie case of Treasure under the terms of the Treasure Act (1996) by being a group of two or more precious metal coins of the same find, although some uncertainty must always surround the circumstances of discovery. It seems very unlikely that coins 16 to 19 are part of this find and cannot be considered Treasure as the circumstances of their discovery are unknown.

Author

Dr. Eleanor Ghey

Curator: Iron Age and Roman Coin Hoards

Department of Coins and Medals

The British Museum

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: Regional importance

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Submitted for consideration as Treasure

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2018T340

Chronology

Broad period: IRON AGE
Period from: IRON AGE
Period to: IRON AGE
Date from: Circa AD 10
Date to: Circa AD 50

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 19

Personal details

Recorded by: Mr Peter Reavill
Identified by: Mr Peter Reavill
Secondary identifier: Dr Eleanor Ghey

Other reference numbers

Treasure case number: 2018T340

Materials and construction

Primary material: Gold
Secondary material: Silver
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Shropshire (Unitary Authority)
District: Shropshire (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: Teme Valley

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: Centred on field
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: HESH
Created: About one year ago
Updated: 2 months ago

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