BUC-717EA7: Early medieval nummular brooch

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
CC License:

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
CC License:

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Unique ID: BUC-717EA7

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete copper alloy early medieval nummular brooch, dating from the mid to late Saxon period, AD 800-1100. The brooch is disc shaped with moulded decoration. The brooch is decorated like an obverse of a coin, with the profile of a laureate bust facing right. Surrounding this is a legend which seems to read I [...] IIVIINN. This is in turn surrounded by two borders of raised pellets.

On the reverse is a rectangular loop on one edge, with a projection on the outer edge forming a double pin lug.There are the remains of the catch plate on the opposite edge, this is sub rectangular in shape and worn. Both the pin attachment and the catch plate have been cast with the body of the brooch. The brooch has a red brown patina, and measures 27.6mm in diameter, 7.8mm in maximum thickness, and weighs 6.96g.

Similar brooches on the database include NMS-66B9C4, NMS-A39743, SUR-8F3008, and FAKL-DFD6D3.

Brooches of this type are discussed in Leahy, K 2006, 'Anglo-Saxon coin brooches' in B. Cook and G. Williams Coinage and History in the North Sea World c. 500-1250 pp 267-286. It belongs to Weetch's Type 2.Ai (Weetch 2013, 69-71).


The main series of these brooches in this country seem to start in the 9th century. The design is based on a Carolingian coin wihch in turn was based on a Roman coin. Carolingian coins were issued by the Frankish Emperor Charlemagne and his successors. Leahy 2018, pers comm.

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: County / local importance

Class: nummular
Sub class: Weetch type 2.Ai
Inscription: I [...] IIVIINN

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Middle
Subperiod to: Late
Date from: Circa AD 800
Date to: Circa AD 1100

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Thickness: 7.8 mm
Weight: 6.96 g
Diameter: 27.6 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Thursday 15th February 2018

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Arwen Wood
Identified by: Dr Kevin Leahy

Other reference numbers

Other reference: AYBCM 4811

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: East Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Northamptonshire (County)
District: South Northamptonshire (District)
Parish or ward: Wicken (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SP7439
Four figure Latitude: 52.04446611
Four figure longitude: -0.92243611
1:25K map: SP7439
1:10K map: SP73NW
Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Discovery circumstances: Date find submitted for recording
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: BUC
Created: 9 months ago
Updated: 4 months ago

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