CORN-DA306D: axehead (dorsal)

Rights Holder: Royal Institution of Cornwall
CC License:


Rights Holder: Royal Institution of Cornwall
CC License:

Rights Holder: Royal Institution of Cornwall
CC License:

Rights Holder: Royal Institution of Cornwall
CC License:

Rights Holder: Royal Institution of Cornwall
CC License:

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AXEHEAD

Unique ID: CORN-DA306D

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A flint axe dating from the Neolithic period, an elongated oval in plan, and lozenge-shaped in profile and section. Made on a flint nodule which has been flaked on both sides to produce the shape of the axe: a series of regular, large flake scars is visible along both margins and on both faces. The resulting tool is thin at the edges, with a thick ridge along the medial line on both faces and two narrow, curved ends. All of the cortex has been removed by this process. The principal cutting end, or blade, is wider than the butt which is also thin enough to have also been used for cutting. The edges on both faces of the axe have been retouched by the removal of many smaller, shallow flakes to produce a straight, sharp edge. The flint is dark grey-brown in colour, with a large irregular-shaped inclusion of light grey-brown slightly coarser flint and several small inclusions of quartz-like crystals; the surface is covered with a thin, transparent, shiny patina. The resulting axe appears to be the preform for a Neolithic polished axe (Butler, 2005, pp.139-142). A preform would also have been perfectly serviceable as an axe and slight wear near the cutting edge and along both side edges suggest that this might have been the case. Equally, it may have been destined for polishing but discarded, perhaps because of the impurities in the flint.

Butler (2005) illustrates a narrow flaked axe in colour plate 20, and an axe preform, but not as narrow, from Long Down flint mine, Sussex on page 140, fig.57, no.2, which are both dated from the Neolithic period, c.4000-2300 BC.

Bond (2004) illustrates a smaller flaked axe but with a similar shape in plan and section on page 64, fig.5.48, no.L133, which was excavated at Spong Hill, Norfolk, but was unstratified.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: In a private collection, recorded for academic use

Chronology

Broad period: NEOLITHIC
Subperiod from: Early
Period from: NEOLITHIC
Subperiod to: Late
Period to: NEOLITHIC
Date from: Circa 4000 BC
Date to: Circa 2300 BC

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 193 mm
Width: 51 mm
Thickness: 36 mm
Weight: 365 g

Personal details

Recorded by: Ms Anna Tyacke
Identified by: Ms Anna Tyacke

Materials and construction

Primary material: Flint
Manufacture method: Knapped/flaked
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: Eastern (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Suffolk (County)
District: Forest Heath (District)
Parish or ward: Lakenheath (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TL7282
Four figure Latitude: 52.40896525
Four figure longitude: 0.52725779
1:25K map: TL7282
1:10K map: TL78SW
Grid reference source: Generated from computer mapping software
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Fieldwalking
General landuse: Woodland

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: CORN
Created: 4 months ago
Updated: 4 months ago

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