WMID-8748EC: Post Medieval, iron cannon ball

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
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CANNON BALL

Unique ID: WMID-8748EC

Object type certainty: Probably
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A cast iron Post Medieval cannon ball, probably dating to circa AD 1500 - 1700. The object is spherical in shape with pitting and corrosion visible on the surface. The cannon ball has an orange coloured patina across its surfaces. Abrasion caused by movement whilst within the plough soil may have resulted in the loss of some of the original surface detail and full diameter and weight.

The diameter and weight suggest that the type of cannon used to fire the cannon ball may have been the Demi-Culverin. This cannon had a 4 inch bore and fired a ball weighing 9.5 lb (4309 g).

Gordon Bailey suggests that cannons were first mentioned in early 14th century manuscripts. Cannons were used in the Tudor and Stuart periods for both land and naval battles. The minion cannon was used in the 15th to 17th centuries and thought to have originated from the Civil War period, which could be the period this example dates from. There are other recorded examples on the database; (SWYOR-6D55C3) was discovered in Yorkshire and the Humber. Another example (DENO-06FCC9) was discovered in Nottinghamshire.

It is also worth noting that iron balls were widely used in ball-mills for the production of powers for such things as pigments. Therefore it cannot be said with certainty that this object is a cannon ball as iron balls also had an industrial function.

The cannon ball measures approximately 97 mm (3.82 inches) in diameter and weighs 3364 g (7.42 pounds).

Bailey, G., (2000) Finds identified. Witham, Greenlight Publishing.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
Period from: POST MEDIEVAL
Period to: POST MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1600
Date to: Circa AD 1700

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Weight: 3364 g
Diameter: 97 mm

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Bob Stewart
Identified by: Mr Bob Stewart
Secondary identifier: Dr Kevin Leahy

Materials and construction

Primary material: Iron
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Staffordshire (County)
District: Stafford (District)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SJ9240
Four figure Latitude: 52.95731121
Four figure longitude: -2.12053289
1:25K map: SJ9240
1:10K map: SJ94SW
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: WMID
Created: 6 months ago
Updated: 6 months ago

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