HESH-602622: Medieval: Cooking Pot

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
CC License:


Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
CC License:

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
CC License:

Image use policy

Our images can be used under a CC BY attribution licence (unless stated otherwise).

VESSEL

Unique ID: HESH-602622

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Eardisland History and Heritage Group

Eardisland Excavation 2000-2010

Site Summary:Finds were made during the excavation of a mound in the grounds adjacent to the dwelling: Burton Court Eardisland. The trench in which the majority of artefacts were found measured 5 metres by 3 metres. The stratified assemblage of pottery is of regional importance being especially well preserved and evidence for a domestic non-castle medieval site dating from the twelfth to early thirteenth centuries (1100-1250)

Site number:BC 01

Context number:102

Three unabraded rim sherds of Worcester Ware Fabric TypeHER(Hereford) C1. from hand made cooking pots.

The fragment measures.:

1: 50.9mm in height, 100.4mm width, 16.1mm thick at rim 6mm thick at body; it weighs 39 grams.

The external diameter of the Rim is 34 cm representing 9% of the total circumference.

2: 30.4mm in height, 68.7mm width, 16.2mm thick at rim 7mm thick at body; it weighs 31 grams.

The external diameter of the Rim is 24 cm representing 11% of the total circumference.

3: 30mm in height, 38mm width, 15.5mm thick at rim 6mm thick at body; it weighs 15 grams.

The external diameter of the Rim is 26 cm representing 4% of the total circumference.

___________________________________________________________

Sherd specific details:

Fabric Type:Worcerster Ware fabricHER (Hereford) C1.

Fabric Condition:A fine hard friable fabric with inclusions

Firing Condition:Black exterior and interior - external faces - core dark grey

Surface texture:interior and exterior smooth.

Condition of sherd.good - unabraded

Inclusions:Abundant small well sorted rounded white quartz grains average size 0.8mm - 1.0mm, sparse white mica, occosaional angular quartz grains (1.0mm). A small quantity of rounded sandstone grains is also present often over 1mm and occasiocnally up to 4.0mm.

Glaze:None

Class:Worcerster Ware fabricHER (Hereford) C1.

Rim Type:Flat topped everted rim with internal inturned lip

Projected Rim Diameter:

1.The external diameter of the Rim is 34 cm representing 9% of the total circumference.

2.The external diameter of the Rim is 24 cm representing 11% of the total circumference.

3.The external diameter of the Rim is 26 cm representing 4% of the total circumference.

Comments:Dr. Alan Vince - identified this as Worcester Ware fabricHER (Hereford) C1. and states that this was probably locally produced at Worcester in the 12th - 14th centuries. From the beginning of the 13th century the potters at this production site began to use the potters wheel and also began to use glaze, even on cooking pots. No wheelthrown or glazed examples were discovered within the samples sent in two batches from the investigations at Burton Court (C1 fabric = 27 and 82 sherds). All of teh sherds submitted are likely to be of cooking pots and many have both sooting on the outside of the vessel and off-light limescale on the interior. indicating their use in boiling water. Fourteen of the sherds were rims, all of an everted form with an inturned lip and some of the rims had rounded profiles whilst others with flat top. There is no known chronological difference between the two types. Some of these vessels were quite small, in the order of 200mm diameter, whereas others are similar in size to the Malvern Chase fabric vessels. Some of these maybe of early - mid 12th century in date and all are likely to date to the 12th rather than the 13th century.

Vessels of this fabric include handmade / formed cooking pots with club rims and sagging bases. The everted rim cooking pots were hand formed vessels with roughly cylindrical bodies. The rims have flat tops or are thickened and the bases are also sagged. Most vessels seem to have been smoothed on a turn table but some may have been wheelthrown.

Documentary and archaeological evidence suggests that this ware was produced at Worcester from the early 12th to 13th centuries. In Hereford, it is much more common in the 12th rather than the 13th centuries.

Note:Vince notes that the most common inclusion within this fabric is white quartz mainly measuring between 0.1-0.4mm across but can occur up to 1.2mm.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Period to: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1150
Date to: Circa AD 1300

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 3
Weight: 85 g

Personal details

Recorded by: Mr Leon Bracelin
Identified by: Mr Leon Bracelin

Other reference numbers

Other reference: BC 01 102

Materials and construction

Primary material: Ceramic
Manufacture method: Hand made
Completeness: Fragment

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: County of Herefordshire (Unitary Authority)
District: County of Herefordshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish or ward: Eardisland (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SO4257
Four figure Latitude: 52.20815492
Four figure longitude: -2.85020209
1:25K map: SO4257
1:10K map: SO45NW
Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Controlled archaeological investigation
General landuse: Other
Specific landuse: Garden

References cited

No references cited so far.

Similar objects

Find number: HESH-E8A565
Object type: VESSEL
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Eardisland History and Heritage Group Eardisland Excavation 2000-2010 Site Summary: Finds were made during the excavation of a mound in…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Find number: HESH-576D34
Object type: VESSEL
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Eardisland History and Heritage Group Eardisland Excavation 2000-2010 Site Summary: Finds were made during the excavation of a mound in…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Find number: HESH-572200
Object type: VESSEL
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Eardisland History and Heritage Group Eardisland Excavation 2000-2010 Site Summary: Finds were made during the excavation of a mound in…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: HESH
Created: 8 days ago
Updated: 8 days ago

Other formats: this page is available as qrcode json xml geojson pdf rdf representations.