NLM-CCC93C: Early Medieval Lead Weight

Rights Holder: North Lincolnshire Museum
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Unique ID: NLM-CCC93C

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Lead weight. Cast rectangular weight; patinated. The mass may show this to represent four units of 4.07gms, as used in Viking Age Denmark for silver bullion transactions. Similarly simple forms of weight respecting this system have been identified as of early medieval date at Cottam, East Riding of Yorkshire. Numerous examples are found elsewhere in Danelaw contexts, though their recognition is erratic. Suggested date: Early Medieval, 850-950.

Length: 17mm, Width: 16.3mm, Thickness: 6.9mm, Weight: 16.49gms


The subject of Viking Age metrology is discussed for Flixborough, North Lincolnshire by Wastling 2009 (Wastling, L.M., 'Lead and lead alloy mensuration weights', in Evans, D.H. and Loveluck, C., Life and Economy at Early Flixborough c.AD600-1000, Excavations at Flixborough volume 2, Oxbow, Oxford and Oakville, pages 422-424). Wastling draws on Wallace 1987 for weights from Dublin using a module of 4.43gms (Wallace, P.F. 'The Economy and Commerce of Viking Age Dublin', in K. Duwel et al, Untersuchengen zu Handel und Verkher der vor- und fruhgeschichtlichen Zeit in Mittel- und Nordeuropoa, Teil IV. Der Handel der Karolingerund Wikingerzeit, Gottingen), and on Kruse (1988, 1992) for weights of a more general Scandinavian currency using a module of 4.07gms (Kruse, S. 1988, 'Ingots and Weights in Viking Age Silver Hoards', World Archaeology 20, 265-381; Kruse, S. 1992, 'Late Saxon Balances and Weights from England', Medieval Archaeology 36, 67-95). Kruse bases calculations on Nielsen 1983, on Hedeby, to arrive at the figure of 4.07gms (Nielsen, H-O, 1983, 'Rontgenologische und metrische Untersuchungen an zwei Kugel-Gewichtssatzen aus Haithabu', Berichte uber die Ausgrabungen in Haithabu 18, 109-120, Neumunster). These details were requested by Helen Geake, though this reporter regrets his lack of facility with the imposition of appropriate accents for the Continental sources cited by Wastling. These appear in their proper form in the bibliography of the Flixborough volume.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Late
Subperiod to: Late
Ascribed Culture: Viking
Date from: Circa AD 850
Date to: Circa AD 950

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 17 mm
Width: 16.3 mm
Thickness: 6.9 mm
Weight: 16.49 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Monday 9th April 2018

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Martin Foreman
Identified by: Mr Martin Foreman

Other reference numbers

Other reference: NLM39004

Materials and construction

Primary material: Lead
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: East Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Nottinghamshire (County)
District: Bassetlaw (District)
To be known as: Dunham-on-Trent

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: NLM
Created: 8 months ago
Updated: 7 months ago

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