SOM-393747: Copper alloy Nauheim-derivative brooch

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
CC License:


Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
CC License:

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
CC License:

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BROOCH

Unique ID: SOM-393747

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

An incomplete late Iron Age copper alloy Nauheim-derivative brooch of expanded bow form (Feugère 1985 type 11a). The bow and most of the catchplate survive. The bow retains about six centimetres of the spring at the head. The coils of the spring and the integral pin have been lost to an old break.

The upper part of the bow consists of a circular dome, convex at the front and concave at the rear (17.6mm in diameter and 5mm deep). The dome is decorated with an incised downward pointing triangle with concave sides (tricorne), within a circle. The circle is almost as big as the dome itself and each corner, (or arm) of the tricorne extends to meet the circle. The interior of the tricorne is decorated with fine parallel incised lines running transversely across each arm.

The lower part of the brooch is joined to the base of the dome by a narrow waist (5.7mm wide and 2.5mm thick). It is flat in cross section and inverted teardrop-shaped (piriform) in plan (22.0mm long, 13.8mm wide and 1.0mm thick). This is decorated on the front by a slightly off-centre incised lozenge with concave sides. The interior of the lozenge is filled with a series of horizontal parallel incisions.

From the tip of the teardrop at the foot of the brooch, the catchplate projects down and rearwards. It begins to curve to the right at the very rear, where it would have held the pin, but here it terminates in a worn break. The catchplate is bent slightly to the right and the lower tip has folded up on itself.

The entire piece is covered in a green patina and is undecorated on the reverse. It is 45.6mm long, approximately 16mm deep and 16.0mm wide. It weighs 3.15g

Mackreth (2011, Vol. 2: plate 13) illustrates a similar example, No. 3900, from Dorchester, which he dates to the late Iron Age to early Roman period. He also notes that "there are enough examples from the second half of the first century B.C. for it to be certain that they were passing out of use in the latter part, and it may be that the beginning of the type could be set as early as 75 B.C."

There is a small group on this database from the Dorset and Wiltshire and it maybe they are a locally produced type. See BERK-5D9043, Hattatt (2000, 291; fig. 150) no. 1454, WILT-3C0EB1 and NMGW-FC5697 from Wiltshire and DOR-585252 from Dorset.

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: County / local importance

Class: La Tène III Nauheim-derivative
Sub class: Feugère 1985 type 11a

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: IRON AGE
Period from: IRON AGE
Period to: IRON AGE
Date from: Circa 75 BC
Date to: Circa AD 43

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 45.6 mm
Width: 16 mm
Thickness: 2.5 mm
Weight: 3.15 g

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Andrew Williams
Identified by: Mr Andrew Williams
Secondary identifier: Ms Laura Burnett

Other reference numbers

Other reference: SCC receipt: 019828

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Incomplete
Surface Treatment: Incised or engraved or chased

Spatial metadata

Region: South West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Somerset (County)
District: South Somerset (District)
Parish or ward: Combe St. Nicholas (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: ST3010
Four figure Latitude: 50.88523009
Four figure longitude: -2.99648125
1:25K map: ST3010
1:10K map: ST31SW
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SOM
Created: 3 months ago
Updated: 6 days ago

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