SWYOR-8EED38: Medieval Coin; penny of Richard II

Rights Holder: West Yorkshire Archaeology Advisory Service
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COIN

Unique ID: SWYOR-8EED38

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A medieval silver coin: a penny of Richard II (AD 1377 - 99), York mint, probably Type Ia but not corresponding exactly to any of the groups in North, nor any of the coins in Purvey (1962). Purvey mentions a quatrefoil after ACI on one reverse die of Type IA 3, but this does not appear to be listed in conjenction with a saltire before CIVI. The coin is 16.9mm diameter, 0.6mm thick and 0.87g. Compare North (1991) Volume 2, number 1329 - 1330 on page 63.

Carl Savage (PAS Volunteer) agrees that the lettering is consistent with Type 1. He adds that in the plates of Purvey (1962), some reverses of 1A2 and 1A4 have a saltire before CIVI but not after RACI. Some reverse dies also have extra pellets in the quarters but tthere is no extra pellet on this coin. Annoyingly the lettering which distinguishes the different sub classes (the A, and R) are not visible so it is difficult to say with absolute certainty which obverse and reverse group this coin belongs to. His feeling is that it may be an unlisted reverse die of type 1A3 or 1A4.

Obverse:
(RICARDVS) x RE[X] x ANGLIE
Forward facing crowned bust with possible pellets by shoulders. Saltire stops.
Reverse:
x CIVI TAS EBOR ACI quatrefoil
Long cross with three pellets in each angle and quatrefoil with pellet at centre.

Reference: Purvey, F. (1962) THE PENCE, HALF-PENCE AND FARTHINGS OF RICHARD II, OF THE MINTS OF LONDON, YORK AND DURHAM in BNJ 31.

Notes:

Possible unlisted reverse die.

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: For inclusion in British Numismatic Journal ‘Coin Register’

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Period to: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1377
Date to: Circa AD 1399

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Thickness: 0.6 mm
Weight: 0.87 g
Diameter: 16.9 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Saturday 25th November 2017

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Amy Downes
Identified by: Ms Amy Downes
Secondary identifier: Mr Carl Savage

Other reference numbers

Other reference: PAS form number 3022

Materials and construction

Primary material: Silver
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Completeness: Complete

Coin data (numismatics)

Denomination: Penny
Ruler/issuer: Richard II of England
Mint or issue place: York
Category: English coin Late Medieval 1377 - 1489
Type: Penny: Richard II, not further defined (N 1325 - 1330)
Obverse description: Forward facing crowned bust. Possible pellets on shoulders. Saltire stops
Obverse inscription: (RICARDVS) x RE[X] x ANGLIE
Reverse description: Long cross with three pellets in each angle and quatrefoil with pellet at centre.
Reverse inscription: X CIVI TAS EBOR ACI quatrefoil
Die axis measurement: 2 o'clock
Degree of wear: Very worn: fair

Coin references

No coin references available.

Spatial metadata

Region: Yorkshire and the Humber (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: North Yorkshire (County)
District: Harrogate (District)
Parish or ward: Cundall with Leckby (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SE4272
Four figure Latitude: 54.14212505
Four figure longitude: -1.35858183
1:25K map: SE4272
1:10K map: SE47SW
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SWYOR
Created: 6 months ago
Updated: 5 months ago

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