NMS-1090CD: Early Saxon great square headed florid cruciform hybrid brooch. Hines group XXI

Rights Holder: Norfolk County Council
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Unique ID: NMS-1090CD

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Fragment of copper alloy early Saxon brooch with extensive chip carved ornament. The lower part of the rectangular headplate survives with the corroded remnants of the spring and upper pin extant on the reverse. The majority of the bow also prevails terminating in a transverse break across its lower end. One side of the headplate also survives as a separate fragment found elsewhere in the same field. The style and decoration fits best with Hines Group XXI hybrid square headed florid cruciform type, with a small raised rectangular decorated plinth on the headplate and a central circular decorated bow disc. Ref Hines, J., 1997 A New Corpus of Anglo-Saxon Great Square-Headed Brooches Woodbridge : The Boydell Press, 153-156. There are scant remnants of gilding over much of the surface. Hines cites only four other examples of this brooch type all of which have a distribution outside of Norfolk in the East Midlands. Circa 525-560 AD.

Class: great square headed
Sub class: Hines group XXI

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Early
Subperiod to: Early
Date from: Circa AD 525
Date to: Circa AD 560

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 55 mm
Width: 43 mm
Weight: 43.5 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Tuesday 10th October 2017 - Tuesday 10th October 2017

Personal details

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Other reference numbers

SMR reference number: 56989
Other reference: SET102017

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Fragment
Surface Treatment: Gilded

Spatial metadata

Region: Eastern (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Norfolk (County)
District: South Norfolk (District)
Parish or ward: Wreningham (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TM1699
Four figure Latitude: 52.54597673
Four figure longitude: 1.18416659
1:25K map: TM1699
1:10K map: TM19NE
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

References cited

Author Publication Year Title Publication Place Publisher Pages Reference
Hines, J. 1997 A New Corpus of Anglo-Saxon Great Square-Headed Brooches Woodbridge The Boydell Press 153-156

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: NMS
Created: 4 years ago
Updated: About one year ago

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