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SOM-333864: Roman applied hook brooch

Rights Holder: Somerset County Council
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BROOCH

Unique ID: SOM-333864

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete Roman copper alloy hinged applied hook brooch of Mackreth's type 1.a., probably dating to c. AD 25-100. The brooch now comprises of the head (with both wings probably incomplete) and bow, the pin both lost.

At the head of the brooch the wings survive to a width of 38.0mm, these are C-shaped in cross section, and both terminate in patinated breaks. Two incised parallel longitudinal lines survive on the right wing, with a third on the left. The bow projects from the head with a width of 16.6mm and is 9.4mm thick, tapering towards an unelaborated, sub-rectangular foot. The face of the bow is flat, but with a pronouncedly concave reverse, giving a rectilinear-C-shaped cross section. Although it has been lost along the majority of the length of the bow due to abrasion, at the head and foot of the brooch two slightly converging lines of small circular punches following an incised channel survive. The bow is perforated twice, once at the head and again on the upper bow, both on the longitudinal median line. The upper perforation is larger and sits within a circular punch. The catchplate is incomplete, but is continuous with the profile of the brooch.

Overall dimensions: length 61.4mm; width 38.0mm; thickness 9.4mm; weight 34.76g.

This brooch would most likely have originally been decorated with an applied decorative plate, although now lost. Bailey & Butcher (2005: 157) note this is type of decoration is concentrated in the area of Somerset and Dorset and may belong to the early phases of British brooch production, they suggest that the type had developed by the mid-1st century and probably continued into the third quarter. Comparable brooches (nos. 1-3) were excavated in contexts dating to the second and third centuries in Exeter (Holbrook & Bidwell 1991: 234), and this brooch can also be compared to nos. 6987 & 6998, published by Mackreth (2011: plate 69) as part of his type 1.a

Class: Applied Hook brooch
Sub class: Mackreth 2011, 1.a.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 25
Date to: Circa AD 100

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 61.4 mm
Width: 38 mm
Thickness: 9.4 mm
Weight: 34.76 g

Personal details

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Other reference numbers

Other reference: SCC receipt: 019815

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: South West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Dorset (County)
District: West Dorset (District)
To be known as: Burleston CP

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SOM
Created: 4 years ago
Updated: 4 years ago

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