WMID-205440: Roman Polden Hill brooch (profile, front, profile, reverse)

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
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BROOCH

Unique ID: WMID-205440

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete copper alloy Polden Hill brooch of Roman date, circa AD 80-120.

The lower part of the bow, foot of the brooch, catch plate, rearward facing hook, pin, spring, axis bar and both wing caps are all missing. The remains of the brooch consist of the head, wings, and upper part of the bow. The bow head is hump-like, and slightly angular (comma shaped) in profile. The bow is broad and tapers to a damaged rounded terminal, with a well-developed patina. At the rear of the head of the brooch is a recess that would have held the coiled spring and pin which are both now missing. A ridge is present at the shoulder between the wings and the bow. The bow appears to have a central rib running down the head. The wings each have decoration in the form of a raised rib which runs laterally down the wing, parallel with the body of the brooch. The object is mid to dark brown in colour and has an even patina. Abrasion, caused by movement whilst within the plough soil, has resulted in the loss of much of the original surface detail.

A similar example is illustrated in Mackreth (Vol 2, page 48, No.1792). Bayley and Butcher (2004:160) comment that the distribution of Polden Hill brooches is concentrated in the West Midlands. Similar brooches are illustrated by Bayley and Butcher (2004:p.88-89).

The brooch measures 31.39mm in length, 24.20mm width (across damaged wings), and 9.61mm thick at the head. It weighs 5.3 grams.

Bayley, J. and Butcher, S., (2004) Roman Brooches in Britain: A technological and Typological Study Based on the Richborough Collection. London, Society of Antiquaries.

Mackreth, D. F. (2011). Brooches in Late Iron Age and Roman Britain, vol. 2. Oxford: Oxbow.

Class: Polden Hill, Transitional type 2.b2

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 80
Date to: Exactly AD 120

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 31.39 mm
Width: 24.2 mm
Thickness: 9.61 mm
Weight: 5.3 g

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Aimee Hinds
Identified by: Ms Aimee Hinds
Secondary identifier: Miss Victoria Allnatt

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Staffordshire (County)
District: Stafford (District)
Parish or ward: Haughton (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SJ8521
Four figure Latitude: 52.78636313
Four figure longitude: -2.22385017
1:25K map: SJ8521
1:10K map: SJ82SE
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: WMID
Created: About one year ago
Updated: About one year ago

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