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AXE

Unique ID: LANCUM-DE1B40

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Early Bronze Age copper alloy developed flat axe, possibly Aylesford or Bandon type (Schmidt and Burgess, 1981, 65-7) probably dating to between c2300 to c1700 BC. The axe has a broad head, tapering to a narrow butt. There is no evidence of flanges or ridges along the sides of either face but it is heavily corroded. This implement is sub-rectangular in plan with an expanded crescent shaped blade. The butt, in plan, is complete with a rounded terminal. In cross section the body of the axe has lentoid profile. The axe appears to be undecorated. The length is 77mm, width 37mm, thickness 10mm, and the weight 25.54g.
The axehead is best described as coming from the later phases of the Early Bronze Age (EBA III) of metalworking stage IV-V (more likely V) specifically within the developed flat axe tradition which corresponds to Needham's (1996) Period 3 circa 2000 - 1700 CAL.BC. This axe is very similar to a number of examples specifically from the type: Brandon. These are described by Burgess and Schmidt in Catalogue of the Axes in Northern Britain as: being "notably smaller than other advanced flat axes, usually under 130mm length. They have straight parallel or near parallel sides which curve out suddenly just above the blade to a widely expanded crescentic cutting edge.
Reference:
Needham, S. (1996) Chronology and Periodisation in the British Bronze Age. Acta Archaeologia, vol 67, pp121-140
Schmidt, P.K. & Burgess, C.B. 1981. The Axes of Scotland and Northern England. Prahistorische Bronzefunde. Abteilung IX. Band 7. C.H. Beck'Sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Munchen. p.46-47.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: BRONZE AGE
Subperiod from: Early
Period from: BRONZE AGE
Subperiod to: Early
Period to: BRONZE AGE
Date from: Circa 2300 BC
Date to: Circa 1700 BC

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 77 mm
Width: 37 mm
Thickness: 10 mm
Weight: 77.73 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Monday 13th November 2017 - Monday 13th November 2017

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Alex Whitlock
Identified by: Mr Alex Whitlock
Secondary identifier: Mr Stuart Noon

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: North West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Lancashire (County)
District: Ribble Valley (District)
Parish or ward: Paythorne (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SD8251
Four figure Latitude: 53.9547759
Four figure longitude: -2.27578417
1:25K map: SD8251
1:10K map: SD85SW
Grid reference source: Centred on parish
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Minimal cultivation

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: LANCUM
Created: 8 months ago
Updated: 2 months ago

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