SF-3B4279: Roman copper-alloy enamelled plate brooch in the form of a Cockerel

Rights Holder: Suffolk County Council
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PLATE BROOCH

Unique ID: SF-3B4279

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete and somewhat squashed cast copper-alloy zoomorphic enamelled plate brooch in the form of a sitting cockerel dating to the Roman period, c. 100-200 AD. The tail is mostly missing in old damage and the sides somewhat squashed in post-depositional damage, though otherwise the object is preserved completely intact with its pin still remaining. The head of the cockerel demonstrates a single raised annulet on each side to represent the eyes, and a projecting comb, while the wings are rendered fairly realistically by means of recessed cells that still contain the remains of orange and white (?) inlays. The underside of the brooch is heavily domed, with the double pin attachment lugs present directly underneath the remains of the now missing tail. The pin and axis bar are still set within these, though is now jammed in a horizontal position as though the pin was actually clipped into the catchplate when the brooch was lost. The latter itself is mostly broken away in old damage. Preserved in fair condition with an uneven green patina, it stands 31.95mm high between the head and catchplate, 28.43mm long between the head and tail, 12.46mm wide across the widest point of the body, and weighs 7.19g.

A number of similar brooches also taking the form of cockerels have been recorded both on the PAS database and published literature. In the case of the former, these include records SF-7821E2, WREX-F20705 and WILT-135AA8. Similar brooches are noted by Hattatt (1989, nos. 167 and 620) and from Colchester (Crummy 1983, no. 75). See also examples published by Mackreth (2011, p. 241). Perhaps importantly, cockerels are often associated with the god Mercury.

Class: Zoomorphic (sitting cockerel)

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 100
Date to: Circa AD 200

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 28.43 mm
Width: 12.46 mm
Weight: 7.19 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Monday 8th January 2018

Personal details

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Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Decoration style: Zoomorphic
Completeness: Incomplete
Surface Treatment: Inlaid with enamel

Spatial metadata

Region: Eastern (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Suffolk (County)
District: Babergh (District)
To be known as: Lavenham

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SF
Created: 4 years ago
Updated: 4 years ago

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