Rights Holder: Hampshire Cultural Trust
CC License:

Rights Holder: Hampshire Cultural Trust
CC License:

Rights Holder: Hampshire Cultural Trust
CC License:

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Unique ID: HAMP-89D729

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A group of eight Russian Inland Village trade seals found close together, of 16th - early 18th century date. Each bale seal (except one, noted below) has a central circular depression on one face with a corresponding projection to the other face.
The inland villages traded in flax products, furs and pelts.

N / [...] // IOHOB; 19.7mm, 10.54g.
MC / 10 A NHA // OPNNPI; 19.2mm, 11.80g. [No central depression/ projection].
*** / cross fleuretty with central pellet / .A. // *** / cross fleuretty with central pellet / UDIN; 19.5mm, 11.95g.
** / BA / [...] // ** / large star / CHVHNAC; 13.4mm, 3.99g.
ON / MC / ** // ** / large star / [...]; 12.7mm, 3.62g.
OPO[-]OBS / E / *** // ADB *** [..]; 13.3mm, 4.43g.
[...] / C // [...]; 12.6mm, 3.84g.
- // - ; 13.3mm, 3.71g.

With grateful thanks to Ged Dodd, who comments, 'All follow a similar pattern which can be seen in detail on http://www.peacehaven.co.uk/BSINLANDa.htm
I have fully identified this one as typical [second illustrated in attached photograph]
Obverse:- M.C. / ЮДИHA is MS.YUDINA (Trader)
There was a trade fair in Goritsy Village eight times a year in peace time which had an annual turnover of one million roubles ...and the largest item in the bazaar trade was long fibred flax at 85,000 puds .. One pud (pood) was equal to 36.1 pounds or 16.39 kilograms in 1545-55.
The Russian pud came from the Low German or Old Norse pund or pound weight. That was 3,068,500 kg of raw flax fibre, 3000 tons a year, with 5,000 puds of edible flax seed & 300 puds of linseed oil, plus large quantities of fur products ... hare skins and sheep skins.
Whereas these seals are probably associated with the flax trade the lack of quality marks would suggest that the seals were used to identify flax internally in Russia and were sent to the trade ports for export to be given other quality seals there ... or .. they were bag seals for Flax Seed or .. these seals could be for the fur trade, including hare skin and sheep skin fur coats and hats, feathers and down, horse hair, ox & cow horns & bones, wool, bear skins. Goods were transported to the coastal ports for shipment overseas with small shallow draught boats.
The Ivanovo Trading Block was created by merging the old flax-processing villages of Dunilovo with the Goritsy Monastery in the 17th-18th centuries. The seals from this merger with the then Ivanovo-Voznesensk bear the inscriptions Selo Goritsy, Dunilovo, Pshenichnovo, Zaichina, Pavlovo, Pistsovo and others.. Ivanovo-Voznesensk was the home to the first labour union in Russia called "Nevestka" (bride) because of the high percentage of women workers, which was normal in the flax industry.
See reference IDS 1277 on
http://www.peacehaven.co.uk/BSINLANDa.htm '

Find of note status

This has been noted as an interesting find by the recorder.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
Period from: POST MEDIEVAL
Period to: MODERN
Date from: Circa AD 1500
Date to: Circa AD 1750

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 8

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 27th August 2017 - Sunday 27th August 2017

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Katie Hinds
Identified by: Ms Katie Hinds
Secondary identifier: Mr Ged Dodd

Other reference numbers

Other reference: Hampshire Cultural Trust Object Entry Form WINCM 486

Materials and construction

Primary material: Lead Alloy
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Hampshire (County)
District: Hart (District)
To be known as: Crondall

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: HAMP
Created: 4 months ago
Updated: 4 months ago

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