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Unique ID: WILT-645E82
Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation
A copper-alloy post-medieval Irish 'hibernia' halfpenny of James II, dating to AD 1691. HIBERNIA reverse, depicting Hibernia seated left and holding a cross.
These 'hibernias' are a type of 'gun money', a coinage issued in Ireland when James attempted to recover the English throne. They were the last attempt to establish such a coinage before giving up in 1691. To produce these 'hibernias', shillings were recoined as halfpennies or farthings in the Irish town Limerick. The name 'hibernias' for this coin type comes from the fact that they are the first coins on which the reverse depicts Hibernia, a national personification of Ireland. This was quite symbolic, as the people of Limerick were being besieged by the British and Hibernia can be taken as a contrast to Britannia on the British coins.
This has been noted as an interesting find by the recorder.
Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder
Weight: 5.53 g
Diameter: 25.71 mm
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Other reference: SSWM 5256
Ruler/issuer: James II of England
Mint or issue place: Limerick City
Type: Irish: coin of James II, copper
Obverse description: Laureate bust facing left.
Obverse inscription: IACOBVS II DEI GRATIA
Reverse description: Hibernia seated left and holding a cross.
Reverse inscription: HIBERNIA 1691
Die axis measurement: 12 o'clock
4 Figure: ST9481
Four figure Latitude: 51.5278782
Four figure longitude: -2.08788278
1:25K map: ST9481
1:10K map: ST98SW
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.
No references cited so far.