SF-BB954E: Roman puddingstone beehive quern

Rights Holder: Suffolk County Council
CC License:

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
CC License:

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
CC License:

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
CC License:

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
CC License:

Image use policy

Our images can be used under a CC BY attribution licence (unless stated otherwise).


Unique ID: SF-BB954E

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

A mostly complete puddingstone 'beehive' type quern dating to the Late Iron Age or early Roman period, c. 1-160 AD. Ground from a grey conglomerate with large orange, pinkish and black flint inclusions, the quern has suffered some minor losses to its edge though is otherwise preserved in reasonable condition. It is broadly circular in plan and domed, with angled sides that give it a 'beehive' like appearance. It demonstrates a central circular aperture, though this is now clogged at its upper edge with a large broken flint nodule which has apparently been jammed in the aperture- whether intentionally or by accident is uncertain. The underside of the quern is heavily worn from the grinding process. Preserved in relatively fresh condition, it measures c. 23cm in diameter at its base, and stands c. 18cm high. The diameter of the central aperture the upper edge of the quern is 5.5cm. Weight not recorded.

Research carried out by Major in Essex suggests that puddingstone rotary querns were produced here from at least 10 AD until around 160 AD, with a similar chronology seeming likely in Suffolk (2004, 2-4). The main concentration of puddingstone in the UK is in Hertfordshire, though the material was also imported from France.

Thanks are given to the finder for providing high-quality images of this object.

Class: Beehive type

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: IRON AGE
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: IRON AGE
Subperiod to: Early
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 10
Date to: Circa AD 160

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Height: 180 mm
Diameter: 230 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Thursday 21st December 2017

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Alex Bliss
Identified by: Mr Alex Bliss

Materials and construction

Primary material: Stone
Manufacture method: Ground/polished
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: Eastern (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Suffolk (County)
District: St. Edmundsbury (District)
To be known as: Cavendish

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Chance find during metal detecting
General landuse: Other
Specific landuse: In use as a building

References cited

No references cited so far.

Similar objects

Find number: SF-800392
Object type: QUERN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
An incomplete fragment originating from a Quernstone of late Iron Age or Roman date, c. 1-160 AD. The grinding face of the fragment is smooth…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Find number: SF-30F879
Object type: QUERN
Broadperiod: IRON AGE
A probable fragment of an Iron Age or early Roman puddingstone quern. Only a small chunk, bearing breaks on all faces, survives. Puddingstone…
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Find number: BH-B05291
Object type: QUERN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
A fragment of a rotary quernstone of Roman (probably mid 1st to mid 2nd century) date. This piece represents part (approximately o…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SF
Created: About one year ago
Updated: About one year ago

Other formats: this page is available as qrcode json xml geojson pdf rdf representations.