BERK-25CC5D: Roman vessel: Unidentified grey ware vessel (a)

Rights Holder: Oxfordshire County Council
CC License:

Rights Holder: Oxfordshire County Council
CC License:

Rights Holder: Oxfordshire County Council
CC License:

Rights Holder: Oxfordshire County Council
CC License:

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Unique ID: BERK-25CC5D

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Thirty-nine sherds of a sandy reduced grey-ware vessel of probable Roman date. The fabric is hard and sandy with occasional very small rounded (sand / quartz) inclusions equally distributed and rare small to medium sized sub-rounded (chalk or lime)stone inclusions. One sherd appears to include a small piece of straw colour material - possibly straw but also possibly bone. The fabric is probably an Alice Holt type. The fabric appears quite friable and many of the sherds have cracks through them, as one would expect to see in baked mud (reduction / retraction of moisture).
Several of the sherds have ridges internally, which suggest wheel-thrown manufacture. A number of sherds also have crude circumferential bands as decoration on the exterior, made by holding a flat-ended implement against the damp clay while rotating to vessel. This decoration is restricted to the area nearest the 'base' on the external surface. Some sherds appear to have a slight burnish.

The sherds are only very slightly curved - either the vessel was a flat circular platter or a very large storage vessel or jar with a diameter of over 44cm. There are no obvious rim sherds present in the assemblage, nor distinctive base sherds, however a number of the thicker sherds have a rough clayey concretion at their thickest point - this may be the remains of a base or alternatively an inner rim if the vessel is a lid for a storage pot. However this is a very unusual addition should this be the remains of a vessel, rather than say, a strange piece of oven furniture (Paul Booth, Oxford Archaeology, pers. comm.). Booth continues that the cracking seen on several of the sherds is also unusual especially if the object was originally a vessel.
These sherds are likely from the same vessel recently disturbed by ploughing. The form of that 'vessel' is uncertain. The fabric is certainly a 'grey ware' (possibly Alice Holt) and is of Roman date (c. AD 50-400).


The images show only the large, refitting pieces. Many of the pieces are quite small.

Find of note status

This has been noted as an interesting find by the recorder.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 50
Date to: Circa AD 400

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Weight: 556 g

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Miss Anni Byard
Identified by: Miss Anni Byard
Secondary identifier: Paul Booth

Other reference numbers

Other reference: OXPAS2017.384

Materials and construction

Primary material: Ceramic
Manufacture method: Wheel made
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Oxfordshire (County)
District: South Oxfordshire (District)
Parish or ward: Cholsey (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SU5887
Four figure Latitude: 51.57888699
Four figure longitude: -1.16438547
1:25K map: SU5887
1:10K map: SU58NE
Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: BERK
Created: About one year ago
Updated: About one year ago

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