WILT-AC5407: Medieval Lead Token

Rights Holder: Salisbury and South Wiltshire Museum
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TOKEN

Unique ID: WILT-AC5407

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete lead medieval token of the Boy Bishop type, dating to the period AD 1400-1500. The obverse shows left facing bust, surrounded by a crude legend. There is a shield on the reverse, divided into quarters and with a letter in each quadrant, surrounded by a crude legend. It probably imitates a Henry VII groat, and is similar to those listed in Fletcher's Leaden Tokens and Tallies, p31.

Obverse inscription: ORA:PRO:NOBIS B:ATE NIC[...]

Reverse inscription: SANC/T:NIC/HOLA/E:ORA

During medieval winter solistices it became a Christian tradition for each town to elect a Boy Bishop whom was paraded around on processions. In the processions, lead tokens were handed out to the crowd to celebrate the event. This is based on the Roman celebration 'Feast of Saturnalia' which was where society was turned upside down. The Christian community evolved the event so instead of the King of Slaves elected, the Boy Bishop was.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Period to: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1400
Date to: Circa AD 1500

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Weight: 5.33 g
Diameter: 26.73 mm

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Miss Fiona Johnstone
Identified by: Miss Fiona Johnstone

Other reference numbers

Other reference: SSWM 5214

Materials and construction

Primary material: Lead
Completeness: Incomplete

Jetton/ token data

Denomination: Token farthing
Obverse description: Left facing bust wearing mitre.
Obverse inscription: ORA:PRO:NOBIS B:ATE NIC[...]
Reverse description: Shield divided into quarters, a letter in each quadrant.
Reverse inscription: SANC/T:NIC/HOLA/E:ORA
Die axis measurement: 1 o'clock

Spatial metadata

Region: Eastern (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Suffolk (County)
District: Babergh (District)
Parish or ward: Little Waldingfield (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TL9245
Four figure Latitude: 52.07007739
Four figure longitude: 0.79992508
1:25K map: TL9245
1:10K map: TL94NW
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: WILT
Created: About one year ago
Updated: About one year ago

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