SOM-9555E4: Roman developed T-shaped brooch

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BROOCH

Unique ID: SOM-9555E4

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Roman incomplete cast copper alloy developed T-shaped brooch dating to the early second century AD. The head has two short cylindrical wings, 30.1mm wide, to hold the axis bar for the hinged pin. Between the wings is a slot in which the pin would have hinged. There is corrosion surrounding this slot and visible in the ends of the wings suggesting the hinge bar and possibly the pin were of iron. The wings are undecorated. There is an incomplete tab at the head which has broken across a central circular hole and is now trapezoid in shape.

The bow has a D shaped cross section and its back has a central, shallow 5mm widegroove running from 6mm below the wings. It rises from the head at around 45 degrees and then has a distinct carination before running fairly level to the break. The bow has moulded decoration on the front. The upper part, by the wings, is plain, then about two-fifths of the way down the remaining bow is a raised oval or hexagonal shape covered by incised cross hatching. Below this is an indented V-sectioned groove running down the centre of the front to the break. The foot of the brooch, the catchplate and the remainder of the bow are lost beyond this point to an old break.

The brooch is now 34.4mm long and the bow 11.0mm wide, with no significant tapering before the break. The wings are 30.1mm wide and 4.8 mm thick, tapering to 3.4mm. The brooch weighs 10.35 grams.

T-shaped brooches are very variable in the decoration on their bows. Bayley and Butler (2004:167) suggest this type is mainly South Western in distribution and dates to the later first - early 2nd century AD (c75-150), the presence of the tab at the head and the raised oval which could be influenced by headstud designs both suggest this example is towards the end of that range. They illustrate a similar example, T138, (ibid:168) with a similar grove but not the raised ellipse. SOM-A67737 on this database appears very similar.

Class: Developed T-shape

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 75
Date to: Circa AD 150

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 34.4 mm
Width: 30.1 mm
Thickness: 4.8 mm
Weight: 10.35 g

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mrs Nonn Bound
Identified by: Mrs Nonn Bound
Secondary identifier: Ms Laura Burnett

Other reference numbers

Other reference: SCC receipt 019483

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Secondary material: Iron
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: South West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Somerset (County)
District: Sedgemoor (District)
To be known as: Chedzoy

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: Centred on parish
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SOM
Created: About one year ago
Updated: About one year ago

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