IOW-577D81: Early-Medieval (Anglo-Saxon) Small-long Brooch

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
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Unique ID: IOW-577D81

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

An incomplete early Anglo-Saxon copper-alloy brooch, probably a cruciform (c. 450-c. 550). The pin and a small part of the foot are missing.

The undecorated head plate is rectangular and is slightly curved from side to side when viewed from above. It appears to have a wide central panel and slightly steps down to narrow wings, although the curve may exaggerate this appearance. On the reverse of the headplate is a single pierced D-shaped pin bar lug which is now broken through its central perforation, with a small part of the top missing; the break is fresh. There is iron staining around the lug from the pin and pin bar. The headplate measures 22.6mm in width and 13.0mm in height.

The strongly arched bow tapers in width from the top towards the bottom. On the flat area at the top of the bow there are two parallel transverse grooves and a small nick at each end. At the bottom of the bow is another flat area which is decorated in a similar way to the flat area at the top of the bow. In between, the bow is sub-triangular in cross-section and flat at the rear (carinated). At the top and bottom of this central part, the angle at the front flattens out a little. At the top the width of the bow is 9.0mm and the width at the bottom is 7.3mm.

Just below the bow, on the flat panel at the top of the foot, there is a pair of nicks at each edge. Below these are three transverse grooves set parallel and slightly oblique. A short way below these, the foot is broken and the terminal is missing. The foot tapers in width from below the bow to the break at the bottom. At the top the width is 6.1mm and the width at the bottom is 3.4mm. Behind the flat panel at the top of the foot, a complete catch-plate runs from the base of the bow to behind the transverse grooves. It is 6.8mm in length and has a width of 4.0mm at the top, 3.3mm at the bottom. When looking at the reverse of the brooch, the catchplate curls to the observer's left.

This brooch has a green patina with a small deposit of iron around the pin-lug. The front of the head plate has two deep scratch marks. There is no indication of surface treatment, melting or burning.

Length: 42.0mm; width of head plate: 22.6mm; maximum thickness of bow: 7.8mm. Weight: 11.86g.

Although with a missing terminal it is impossible to be sure, the presence of a central panel and wings on the headplate is more reminiscent of a cruciform brooch which has lost its knobs than a small-long brooch.

Class: cruciform

Subsequent actions

Current location of find: Finder
Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Early
Subperiod to: Early
Ascribed Culture: Anglo-Saxon
Date from: Circa AD 450
Date to: Circa AD 550

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 42 mm
Width: 22.6 mm
Thickness: 7.8 mm
Weight: 11.86 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Monday 13th November 2017 - Monday 13th November 2017

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Frank Basford
Identified by: Mr Frank Basford

Other reference numbers

Other reference: IOW2017-4-61

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Secondary material: Iron
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Isle of Wight (Unitary Authority)
District: Isle of Wight (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: Isle of Wight

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Current location: Finder
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Operations to a depth greater than 0.25m

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: IOW
Created: About one year ago
Updated: About one year ago

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