KENT-D77BF4: Fragmented Axehead

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FLANGED AXEHEAD

Unique ID: KENT-D77BF4

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

An incomplete copper-alloy, flanged axehead, dating from the final phase of the Early to the earliest Middle Bronze Age (c. 2000 - 1500 BC). Possibly of Arreton type dated to Early Bronze Age III, of metalworking stage V, which corresponds to Needham's (1996) Period 3 circa 2000 - 1700 BC or possibly of a Central European type known as a 'Randleistenbeil' dating to a similar period of time (Huegelgraeber-Bronzezeit Reinecke A/B)

Description: The axehead survives as the blade end and about a third of its original length. It has flanged parallel sides whcih runs along the back of the blades to the tip. The blade itself is a wide crescent shape with upturned corners. There is a very shallow stop ridge, now difficult to discern. Although not complete the flanges appear to narrow towards the body/butt end of the axehead. The axehead's surface is heavily patinated and pitted with some abrasion along the edges and the break is heavily abraded and likely having occured in antiquity.

Measurements: 53.43mm long, 53.05mm wide, 13.18mm thick and 127.8g in weight

Discussion: The superficially seems to fit with the Arreton type of long-flanged developed flat axes (cf Burgess and Schmidt: Axes of Northern Britain pp 65 - 75 specifically 415, 422 and 425). Burgess and Schmidt suggest from their study that the distribution of this Arreton type concentrates in the East Riding of Yorkshire. Their work though only looks directly at the axes of Scotland and Northern England.

Similar examples have been found at Margam, Port Talbot (Savory 1980, No. 122) and Breach Farm, Vale of Glamorgan (Savory 1980, No. 338) associated with a cremation burial recently radiocarbon dated to c. 1750 - 1600 BC.

The very rounded blade shape and the flanges' meeting with the blade does however more closely resemble flanged axes / Randleistenbeile in use on the Continent during Bronzezeit A/B (Dot Boughton, pers. comms.)

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: BRONZE AGE
Subperiod from: Middle
Period from: BRONZE AGE
Subperiod to: Middle
Period to: BRONZE AGE
Date from: Circa 2000 BC
Date to: Circa 1700 BC

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 53.43 mm
Width: 53.05 mm
Thickness: 13.18 mm
Weight: 127.8 g

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Jo Ahmet
Identified by: Mr Jo Ahmet

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Kent (County)
District: Dover (District)
Parish or ward: Whitfield (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TR3145
Four figure Latitude: 51.15759504
Four figure longitude: 1.30213879
1:25K map: TR3145
1:10K map: TR34NW
What3Words: shout.dress.editor
Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: KENT
Created: Thursday 16th November 2017
Updated: Friday 17th November 2017

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