KENT-B2E0C6: Fragment of Great Square headed brooch

Rights Holder: Kent County Council
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Unique ID: KENT-B2E0C6

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

A fragment of a cast gilt-silver great square-headed brooch dating to the early-medieval period.

Description: The fragment appears to comprise one of the side lobes on the foot-plate together with a small section of the arm that originally connected the lobe to the inner panel. The lobe has a flange surrounding a raised thick border, within which is a stylised mask formed of a beaded crescent encompassing above two pellets and a V-shaped motif, possibly intended to represent hair or headgear, eyes and mouth respectively. The remains of the arm comprise a flange with beaded border, inside of which is a raised inner border slightly concave in shape. The front of the brooch fragment is largely gilded, excluding the raised frames. The reverse is plain and not gilded.

The fragment has a jagged break across the edge, which is partially worn. Part of the outer lobe is also chipped.

Measurements: Length: 19.01mm, Width: 14.03mm, Weight: 2.22g

Discussion: Too little of the brooch survives to assign it to a typological category, but it has features which resemble Hines' Group III (Hines 1997, pp. 41-8), roughly dating to the first quarter of the sixth century. Great square-headed brooches are a familiar piece of early Anglo-Saxon material culture, with many examples recorded from graves and complete and fragmentary examples recorded on the PAS database.

Conclusion: The artefact dates to before 1716 and is made of more than 10% precious metals. Therefore it constitutes potential Treasure under the stipulations of The Treasure Act 1996.

Class: great square headed

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2017T1007


Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Early
Subperiod to: Early
Date from: Circa AD 500
Date to: Circa AD 520

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 19.01 mm
Width: 14.03 mm
Thickness: 2 mm
Weight: 2.22 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Friday 13th October 2017

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Jo Ahmet
Identified by: Mr Jo Ahmet

Other reference numbers

Treasure case number: 2017T1007

Materials and construction

Primary material: Silver
Manufacture method: Cast
Decoration style: Zoomorphic
Completeness: Fragment
Surface Treatment: Gilded

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Kent (County)
District: Dover (District)
To be known as: Near Deal

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: KENT
Created: About one year ago
Updated: About one month ago

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