LVPL-0C459C: Bronze Age casting waste

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Unique ID: LVPL-0C459C

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A complete copper alloy casting jet for a socketed axe, of the South Wales type of socketed axe, of Bronze Age date.

The object is circular in plan and sub-conical. Four circular-sectioned runners project from the body of the object. The runners measure 6-8mm in length and are 4mm thick. The upper surface is dished with a rough surface. The object has a mid-green patina.

Dimensions: 22mm in length, 30mm in diameter, 26.4g

South Wales types of socketed axes uses a four runner technology during production, resulting in four runners (or spikes) projecting from the object. Examples with two runners are more frequently recorded such as LVPL-3AAD50 Examples of South Wales types of socketed axes can be found in several Bronze Age hoards such as NMGW-1C435C, NMGW-AFDAE8, and NMGW-860652. South Wales socketed axes are late Bronze Age in date (c. 950-750 BC).These axes are considered to be part of the Ewart Park metalworking tradition (Metalworking phase XII) which corresponds to Needham's (1996) Period 6-7 circa 1000-700 CAL. BC.

Casting jets are waste products which form at the top of a two-piece clay mould when the molten metal has filled the object-shaped void below. As they represent re-usable metal, they were often retained and regularly turn up in base metal hoards of the period. C.f with PAS record BH-8DDE6E.


Four further fragments of bronze metal work were also discovered within the same field. However it is unclear whether or not these are associated. Copper alloy/bronze casting waste of medieval and post-medieval date is often recovered however often waste is difficult to date due to its lack of form. These fragments of casting waste have been recorded as LVPL-0C7724.

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: Regional importance

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: BRONZE AGE
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: BRONZE AGE
Subperiod to: Late
Period to: BRONZE AGE
Date from: Circa 950 BC
Date to: Circa 750 BC

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Vanessa Oakden
Identified by: Ms Vanessa Oakden
Secondary identifier: Mr Peter Reavill

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: North West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Cheshire West and Chester (Unitary Authority)
District: Cheshire West and Chester (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: Saighton

Spatial coordinates

Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: LVPL
Created: About one year ago
Updated: About one year ago

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