LANCUM-25C57A: Cumberland Jack token

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
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Unique ID: LANCUM-25C57A

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Modern Cumberland Jack token dating from 1837/1862, see LANCUM-F6908A - holed for suspension.

"The tokens & counters that bear the words "To Hanover" (commonly known as Cumberland Jacks) are usually found with Victoria's portrait on the obverse and a figure riding a horse on the reverse (in the style of St George slaying the dragon). They were probably produced as satirical counters.

The history behind these pieces is that when Victoria was crowned as Queen, she was unable to fulfil the role of King of Hanover under Salic Law, due to the fact that she was a female. Her unpopular Uncle (Ernst August, the Duke of Cumberland) who was the oldest male heir to the throne was sent off to Hanover instead to fulfil the role, and the counters/tokens were produced to commemorate (celebrate) his departure. Such was his unpopularity that many of the tokens on closer inspection actually depict a monkey on horseback which was intended to portray the Duke.

They were produced around the time of Victoria's ascension to the throne in 1837, and continued to be produced for the next few decades. They were finally made illegal in 1883."

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
Period from: POST MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1837
Date to: Circa AD 1862

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Weight: 2.9 g
Diameter: 21 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Thursday 1st June 2017 - Thursday 1st June 2017

Personal details

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Other reference numbers

Other reference: 1258

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Complete

Numismatic data

No numismatic data has been recorded for this coin yet.

Spatial metadata

Region: North West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Cumbria (County)
District: Carlisle (District)
To be known as: Great Easby

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: LANCUM
Created: 4 years ago
Updated: 4 years ago

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