LON-FB4A39: An incomplete late Iron Age, 1st century BC copper alloy flat linear class II, Holman G3 and Allen type P1, potin dating to 60-45 BC.

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COIN

Unique ID: LON-FB4A39

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete, late Iron Age, 1st century BC copper alloy flat linear class II, Holman G3 and Allen type P1, potin dating to 60-45 BC. The potin is broken in half. Holman (2016:10) writes "Until recently, Group G coins were still regarded as mostly dating from after the mid-first century BC. However, the discovery of four such coins at the oppidum of Corent, France indicates that they were probably already in existence by c.50 BC and it has been suggested that these, along with a few Group F types, may have been taken back to Gaul by Caesar's soldiers. If correct, this pushes the dating of Group G back to at least the mid-50s BC - and this for the later, single-crescent issues - although there is no reason why they could not have continued to be made for a few years afterwards." The casting sprue is still visible on one side.

Obverse: A stylised linear head of Apollo facing right, formed by a circular border with two concave indentations to form the nose and a large ring and dot in the centre to form the eye.

Reverse: A stylised linear butting bull, indeterminate direction, with one crescent above and an exergual line below, and a single central pellet.

Dimensions: diameter: 14.23mm, weight: 0.80g

Holman (2016:41) writes "This subgroup is stylistically the latest in the Flat Linear series. These coins are notable for their crudity, with their barely recognisable designs now bearing very little resemblance to those seen within Groups A to F. The obverse is dominated by the eye ring and central pellet and any attempt at an outline head has disappeared, although the facial crescents survive until the very last stages, leaving a very crude profile face. The reverse is also dominated by the central pellet and the bull is little more than an abstract pattern of lines similar to subgroup G2. There is usually one crescent above the bull. The central pellet again often varies in size between one side and the other, and again in one instance is absent from the obverse, the final appearance of a blind eye. Diameters are typically 12-13 mm and weights 0.9-1.3 g (mean 1.2 g)."

Similar Class II, Holman G3 potins on the database are PUBLIC-6DF04A, PUBLIC-5EB3C1, LON-FB48DA and SUR-7D87E1.

References: Holman, D. 2016. 'A new classification system for the Flat Linear potin coinage', British Numismatic Journal 86, 1-67.

Fitzpatrick, A.P., 1991. 'A hoard of Iron Age class II potin coins from New Addington, Surrey', Surrey
Archaeological Collections 80, 147-152.

Hobbs, R. 1996. British Iron Age Coins in the British Museum. British Museum Press: London.

Class: Class II
Sub class: Holman G3

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: IRON AGE
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: IRON AGE
Subperiod to: Late
Period to: IRON AGE
Date from: Circa 60 BC
Date to: Circa 45 BC

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Weight: 0.8 g
Diameter: 14.23 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 20th March 2016

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Stuart Wyatt
Identified by: Mr Stuart Wyatt

Other reference numbers

Other reference: 78

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Incomplete

Coin data (numismatics)


Denomination: Potin (Cast bronze)
Obverse description: A stylised linear head of Apollo facing right, formed by a circular border with two concave indentations to form the nose and a large ring and dot in the centre to form the eye.
Reverse description: A stylised linear butting bull, indeterminate direction, with one crescent above and an exergual line below, and a single central pellet.
Degree of wear: Hardly worn: extremely fine
Status: Regular

Coin references

No coin references available.

Spatial metadata

Region: London (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Greater London Authority (Greater London Authority)
District: Bromley (London Borough)
To be known as: Bromley

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: LON
Created: About one year ago
Updated: About one year ago

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