WAW-602D36: Early Medieval brooch reused as a mount (plan, profile and reverse).

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
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Unique ID: WAW-602D36

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Early Medieval (later 5th and 6th centuries) great square-headed brooch of Hines's Group XII (Hines 1997): Only a fragment of the headplate remains, and there are indications the fragment was re-used as a mount.

The cast copper alloy headplate is decorated on the outer face, which has probably been chip carved and is composed of a number of borders.

The headplate's inner panel is decorated with a rectangular motif composed of central four concentric rectangular outlines. The outer outline is thickened.

Surrounding the thickened rectangular border is a frame of triple-strands and a lentoid motif at in the upper corner. The triple-strands are interwoven. These motifs also have a thickened border framing the interlace.

The next frame also has a pointed lentoid in the upper corner with a series of small pellets within a split-palmette motif. These motifs are border by a double-stranded border.

Finally the original, outer corners of the headplate have a quadruple-stranded corner which terminates with perpendicular strands. Along the side and upper edges the motif of an annulet and three fine strands protruding from the upper edge which is repeated along the edge. Along the lower edge there are fine annulets instead.

The incomplete edge of the headplate has been rounded and is smooth with the patina covering this edge, suggesting it occurred in antiquity rather than more recently.

The reverse of the head plate has an incomplete perforated lug, positioned at the lower corner which is incomplete. There are two sub-rectangular areas of corrosion on the headplate suggest that solder was used so that the fragment of the headplate could be reused as another object, such as a mount. There are traces of iron corrosion on the reverse.

The brooch has incomplete gilding remaining on the outer face, otherwise it has a well-developed dark green patina.

The headplate measures 35.74mm across, 55.96mm long, 5.99mm thick at the lug and weighs 29.33g.

A similar example to this brooch in Hines (1997) from Norton, Northamptonshire and has a secondary border around the inter-woven motif. Both these brooches are a Hines Group XII. A similarly decorated brooch, which is also a Hines Group XII has been recorded from Upton Snodsbury, Worcestershire (WAW-3E1443).

Class: Great square-headed
Sub class: Hines Group XII
Evidence of reuse: Solder marks on the reverse suggest it was reused as a mount.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 475
Date to: Circa AD 600
Period of reuse: EARLY MEDIEVAL

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 35.74 mm
Width: 55.96 mm
Thickness: 5.99 mm
Weight: 29.33 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Thursday 30th March 2017 - Thursday 29th June 2017

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Angie Bolton
Identified by: Ms Angie Bolton

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Fragment
Surface Treatment: Gilded

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Worcestershire (County)
District: Wychavon (District)
Parish or ward: Strensham (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SO9139
Four figure Latitude: 52.04931546
Four figure longitude: -2.13265147
1:25K map: SO9139
1:10K map: SO93NW
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: WAW
Created: About one year ago
Updated: About one year ago

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