HAMP-56B91A: Roman coin : possible contemporary copy of a solidus of the House of Valentinian

Rights Holder: Hampshire Cultural Trust
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COIN

Unique ID: HAMP-56B91A

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

A fragment of a Roman gold coin, probably a contemporary copy of a solidus of the House of Valentinian (AD 364-78) with garbled legends. The obverse appears to be OH VALE[ ] which is probably copying D N VALE[NS or NTINIANVS P F AVG] and the reverse is [ ]ITVOR[ ] which most likely copies RESTIVTOR REI PVBLICAE or similar, with and emperor standing, holding Victory on globe and standard. The reverse depicts a beaded upright, which seems to be part of the pole of the standard. The fragment looks intentionally cut along its three non-original edges and is bent in profile, with a U-shaped cross-section (being convex to the obverse). Its original diameter was c.20mm. Mint unknown.

It is quite likely that this is a 5th century copy, struck in good quality gold. Were it a contemporary copy struck in the Valentinianic period it would probably be plated. Many of the 5th century copies are included as Pseudo-Imperial or Non-Imperial pieces in RIC X (p. 450ff), dating from c. AD 415 onwards, but they do not normally copy 4th century prototypes. Therefore, this coin is an enigma.

Find of note status

This has been noted as an interesting find by the recorder.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Submitted for consideration as Treasure

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2017T791

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 415
Date to: Circa AD 450

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 9.6 mm
Width: 6.3 mm
Thickness: 0.9 mm
Weight: 0.49 g
Diameter: 20 mm

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Katie Hinds
Identified by: Mr David Algar
Secondary identifier: Dr Sam Moorhead

Other reference numbers

Other reference: Hampshire Cultural Trust Object Entry Form WINCM 450
Treasure case number: 2017T791

Materials and construction

Primary material: Gold
Completeness: Fragment

Coin data (numismatics)

Denomination: Uncertain (gold)
Denomination qualifier: Certain
Ruler/issuer: 5th century (other ruler)
Primary ruler qualifier: Probably
Reece period: Period 22 [402-445]
Obverse description: The two beaded ties from the diadem worn by a head facing right.
Obverse inscription: OHVΛIE (perhaps D N VALE)

Reverse description: Beaded upright, probably part of a standard
Reverse inscription: [...]ITVOR[...] (perhaps ITVTOR)

Die axis measurement: 6 o'clock
Reverse mint mark: [ ]
Status: Regular
Status qualifier: Certain

Coin references

No coin references available.

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Hampshire (County)
District: Fareham (District)
To be known as: Warsash

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Coastland
Specific landuse: Inter-tidal

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: HAMP
Created: 2 years ago
Updated: About one year ago

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