NMGW-C477CA: Post-Medieval cuff links

Rights Holder: National Museum Wales
CC License: All Rights Reserved


Rights Holder: National Museum Wales
CC License: All Rights Reserved

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HOARD

Unique ID: NMGW-C477CA

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

Two Post-Medieval silver cuff links.

Two cuff links of identical design. Each is formed of two circular discs with bevelled sides and a lipped rim, joined together by an oval wire link. The face of each disc bears a raised, stamped design of a pair of hearts side by side, surmounted by a jewelled and arched crown set against a faint stippled field, within a raised circular border. At the back of each disc are traces of a corresponding recessed design, obscured by solder for rounded attachment loops. Illegible makers' marks (observable using a microscope) are present at the apex of each of the oval links, where two ends are soldered together.
Each of the discs displays some damage and are slightly misshapen. A portion of the bevelled side is missing from three of the four discs.

The cuff links are labelled 'Cuff link 1' and 'Cuff link 2' below, for ease of identification.

Cuff link 1
Maximum face (1) diameter 14.9mm (complete but misshapen), depth 2.3mm.
Maximum face (2) diameter 15.5 mm depth 2.5mm.
Weight 2.3g
Link: length 16.5mm, width 7.2mm, thickness: 1.4 mm

Cuff link 2
Maximum face (1) diameter 15.1 mm, depth 2.5 mm
Maximum face (2) diameter 15.6mm, depth 2.5 mm
Weight 2.1g
Link: length 15.1mm, width: 7.4, thickness 1.7 mm

The objects have not undergone any cleaning or conservation.

Notes:

Cuff links and buttons of this type, bearing the same crown and heart motif (Lewis Form 1, type A) are recorded across England. Examples in silver were found at Kelvedon, Essex (TAR 2005-06, no. 625), Woodside, Cumbria (TAR 2011, 2011 T902) and Freshwater, Isle of Wight (IOW-DECE75), all dated to between the late seventeenth- to early eighteenth century. In Wales only two examples are recorded, both in 2015; a single lead alloy stud from Sketty (NMGW-DFA767) and a complete copper alloy cuff link from Mumbles (NMGW-742A36) both also dating to this period. While identified as a distinct type by Lewis, slight variations in the designs, particularly of the crown are observed in recorded examples.

The motif is traditionally believed to commemorate the marriage of Charles II and Catherine of Braganza in 1662 but continued to represent marital fidelity until the early 1700s. Lewis argues that the design may have held royalist or catholic connotations and probably went out of fashion by 1714. Taking into account the similarity of design to other dated examples, these cuff links are likely to date between the later seventeenth century and the first decade of the eighteenth century.

The cuff links are probably a pair, cast from the same die. The design of the crown is identical and there is also a manufacturing blemish on the right side of the crown visible on all four faces. In addition, the proximity in which they were discovered, combined with paucity of examples recorded in Wales further supports this.

Class: Silver Cuff Links

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Acquired by museum after being declared Treasure

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2015TRW16

Chronology

Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Early
Period from: POST MEDIEVAL
Subperiod to: Early
Period to: POST MEDIEVAL

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 2

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Friday 23rd January 2015

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Sian Iles
Identified by: Sian Iles

Other reference numbers

Treasure case number: 2015TRW16

Materials and construction

Primary material: Silver
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: Wales (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Caerphilly (Unitary Authority)
District: Caerphilly (Unitary Authority)
Parish or ward: New Tredegar (Community)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SO1401
Four figure Latitude: 51.70112888
Four figure longitude: -3.24583649
1:25K map: SO1401
1:10K map: SO10SW
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Discovery circumstances: One found in January 2015 and the other in later February 2015
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Audit data

Recording Institution: NMGW
Created: 2 years ago
Updated: 2 years ago

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