PUBLIC-DC9AF2: A post medieval complete, lead alloy two-disc Colchester cloth seal

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
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CLOTH SEAL

Unique ID: PUBLIC-DC9AF2

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A post medieval complete, opened, lead alloy two-disc Colchester cloth seal from the English community dating AD1618. One of the discs has been stamped with the arms of Colchester: a cross (cross raguly) with a larger coronet at the bottom and two smaller coronets above the arms of the cross within an ornate shield; there is "16" to the left of the shield, and "18" to the right of the shield. On the other disc there is the inscription "[E]NG/[LISH][*COL]*/CH[ESTE]R/SAYE/1618".

Dimensions: length: 60.17; diameter: 24.40mm; weight: 8.50g; thickness: 3.30mm

Egan (1994: 29) writes "Dutch immigrant community seals. The Dutch, who came as religious refugees to Colchester in 1565 and 1570, were among the most successful manufacturers of the new draperies in England in the late sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The high quality of their bays and says, maintained by stringent and rigorously observed searching procedures, led rival textile producers to counterfeit their community's special seals in the seventeenth century, in order to take advantage of their products' reputation. The immigrants' seals include the word 'Dutch' in the legend, in a variety of spellings. The date 1571 on many of the stamps appears to refer to the year in which their manufacture was established on a formal footing (though no record of this has been traced). The same date was used on seals right up to 1728, when the Dutch weavers ceased to exist as a separate organisation."

Reference: Egan, G. 1994. Lead cloth seals and related items in the British Museum. Occasional Paper 93. The British Museum Press; London;

Elton, Stuart F. 2017. Cloth Seals an Illustrated Reference Guide to The Identification of Lead Seals Attached to Cloth, page 81.

Inscription: [E]NG/[LISH][*COL]*/CH[ESTE]R/SAYE/1618

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
Period from: POST MEDIEVAL
Period to: POST MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1618
Date to: Circa AD 1618

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 60.17 mm
Thickness: 3.3 mm
Weight: 8.5 g
Diameter: 24.4 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Monday 14th July 2014

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Corneliu Thira
Identified by: Mr Corneliu Thira

Materials and construction

Primary material: Lead Alloy
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: London (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Greater London Authority (Greater London Authority)
District: City and County of the City of London (London Borough)
Parish or ward: Dowgate (London Borough Ward)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TQ3280
Four figure Latitude: 51.5035277
Four figure longitude: -0.09955492
1:25K map: TQ3280
1:10K map: TQ38SW
Grid reference source: Generated from computer mapping software
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Other chance find
Discovery circumstances: Found eyes only
General landuse: Open fresh water
Specific landuse: Running water

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: PUBLIC
Created: About one year ago
Updated: About one year ago

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