NLM-694867: Early Medieval Small Long Brooch

Rights Holder: North Lincolnshire Museum
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Unique ID: NLM-694867

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Copper alloy brooch. Cast small long brooch in particularly good condition, suggesting its recent disturbance from a sealed context - for this artefact type, most likely the grave of an adult Anglo-Saxon woman. A head plate of cross potent form has paired grooves at the ends of its side arms and the same motif repeated with an intervening space on its top arm. The lower arm is truncated, and serves as the origin point for a convex curved mid bow. At its top, this has a pair of triangular cut-outs or stops at its sides and a more emphatic pair of horizontal grooves at its base. Below this, the mid bow assumes a keeled form with a medial flattened centre, terminating on a smaller version of the combination of triangular and horizontal stops which mirrors that at the top of the curve. The lower bow is straight and narrow, beginning with paired triangular stops and three grooves below them. The mid part of the lower bow is again lightly keeled with a flattened medial strip. This ends with five closely spaced horizontal ribs above a triangular foot with bevelled flaring edges and three horizontal grooves at its end. A folded catch plate remains behind the lower bow.

Rust stains appear on a U-shaped lug projecting behind the head, and to a lesser extent on the catch plate. While the brooch may have been carefully cleaned by the finder, perhaps with the loss of ferrous corrosion and any fabric imprints trapped therein, the good surface condition probably arises from wear against clothing during the working life of the brooch. This could suggest its use as one of a pair of brooches worn at the shoulders to secure a tubular gown (cf. Castledyke grave 163; Drinkall and Foreman 1998, fig. 135), and would imply that the gown was often worn along with an over-garment whose material could have imparted this polish. The lower bow is bent forward of the rest, or alternatively, the mid bow and head plate are bent forward, and there is no sign of damage to suggest this arises from post-depositional damage. It might reflect some aspect of the use of the brooch. Suggested date: Early Medieval, 475-600.

Length: 62.1mm, Width: 16.9mm, Thickness (at mid bow): 3.8mm, Weight: 10.78g.

Class: small long

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Early
Subperiod to: Early
Ascribed Culture: Anglo-Saxon
Date from: Circa AD 475
Date to: Circa AD 600

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 62.1 mm
Width: 16.9 mm
Thickness: 3.8 mm
Weight: 10.78 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 12th March 2017

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Martin Foreman
Identified by: Mr Martin Foreman

Other reference numbers

Other reference: NLM36427

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: Yorkshire and the Humber (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: North Lincolnshire (Unitary Authority)
District: North Lincolnshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish or ward: Roxby cum Risby (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SE9115
Four figure Latitude: 53.62363868
Four figure longitude: -0.62559342
1:25K map: SE9115
1:10K map: SE91NW
Grid reference source: Centred on field
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: NLM
Created: About one year ago
Updated: About one year ago

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