HAMP-30F0CC: Early-medieval radiate-headed brooch

Rights Holder: Hampshire Cultural Trust
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Unique ID: HAMP-30F0CC

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete early early-medieval copper-alloy radiate-headed brooch dating to the 6th century. The base of the foot and pin are missing; the spring survives as a corroded area of iron. The catchplate has been damaged and repaired in antiquity.
The object has a semi-circular headplate with semi-cylindrical projections at 12, 3 and 9 o'clock (when viewing with the head uppermost). These are decorated on the curving front with transverse grooves and resultant ridges. The body of the headplate is decorated with punched ring-and-dot motifs arranged in three rows: one at the top, five at the centre and three at the base. Of the latter the central ring-and-dot is placed at the top of the bow. The headplate itself is 2.8mm thick and 28.8mm wide (without the projections, the headplate is 15.9mm wide). Inclusive of the lugs to the reverse the headplate is 6.5mm thick; with the heavily corroded spring mechanism this measures 7.9mm thick.
The short bow (16mm) projects in a pronounced curve. It is 8.8 mm wide and max.5.3mm thick, and decorated at either end with four/ five grooved transverse lines.
The footplate is lozenge-shaped, the tip missing (relatively recent break) and again decorated with punched ring-and-dot motifs: a vertical line of four (one slightly out of alignment) and one to either side. To the reverse the catch-plate curl has been lost and repaired with a rectangular piece of sheet copper alloy held in place by two rivets.
The metal is mostly dark brown in colour with brighter green corrosion product on the upper part and back of the headplate. It measures 54.6mm in length, 28.8mm in max.width, 7.9mm in max.thickness and weighs 15.60g.
This example is similar to ESS-7CED1D, of which the author writes: 'These types of brooch are Frankish in origin and date to the 6th century AD (Kevin Leahy, pers comm. 22.08.2016). There are some similar examples in the Ashmolean collections, as mentioned by MacGregor and Bollick (1993, pp 147-150, Nos. 16.5 and 16.6).

Find of note status

This has been noted as an interesting find by the recorder.

Class: Radiate headed

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Early
Subperiod to: Early
Ascribed Culture: Frankish
Date from: Circa AD 500
Date to: Circa AD 600

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 54.6 mm
Width: 28.8 mm
Thickness: 7.9 mm
Weight: 15.6 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 25th September 2016 - Sunday 25th September 2016

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Therese Kearns
Identified by: Ms Therese Kearns
Secondary identifier: Ms Katie Hinds

Other reference numbers

Other reference: Hampshire Cultural Trust Object Entry Form WINCM 427

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Secondary material: Iron
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Hampshire (County)
District: Winchester (District)
To be known as: Itchen Valley

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: HAMP
Created: About one year ago
Updated: About one year ago

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