LEIC-F19F55: Medieval silver penny of William I

Rights Holder: Leicestershire County Council
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Unique ID: LEIC-F19F55

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Medieval silver penny of William I, two sceptres type (type 4), Lincoln mint, moneyer Saeword (or Sigeweard) . The coin has been struck using two unmatched dies. The obverse is a rough (unofficial) die which has been die-linked to one in The Collection, Lincoln (LCNCC : 12443), whilst the reverse die is an official one.

The following has been provided by Anja Rohde,

The obverse reads +PILME REX ANGL (The official dies for this type tend to read +PILLEM REX with some or all of the word ANGLOR).

Rough dies turn up occasionally throughout the reign of William I, but seem to be most common in coin types 2 (the bonnet type) and 4 (these two sceptre types). They are only known at some mints, and Lincoln is one of the mints where they seem more prevalent. It has been postulated that they represent locally-cut dies, as opposed to the officially-cut dies from the central die-cutting centre in London.

This coin is important as it shows that the moneyer was not just making some coins with a set of official dies and some coins with a set of unofficial dies but was actually mixing them up sometimes and making some coins with one official die and one unofficial one. This has implications for our understanding of minting practice at this time.


I am extremely grateful to Anja Rohde for the above information

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: For inclusion in British Numismatic Journal ‘Coin Register’

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Period to: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1072
Date to: Circa AD 1074

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Weight: 1.23 g
Diameter: 18 mm

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Wendy Scott
Identified by: Wendy Scott
Secondary identifier: Miss Anja Rohde

Materials and construction

Primary material: Silver
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Completeness: Complete

Coin data (numismatics)

Denomination: Penny
Ruler/issuer: William the Conqueror
Mint or issue place: Lincoln
Category: Coin of Norman and Early Plantagenet England 1066-1180
Obverse description: Facing crowned bust with sceptres
Obverse inscription: PILME [R]EX ANGL
Reverse description: Cross fleury with annulet in centre over saltire botonne
Reverse inscription: +SIPORD ON LINCOL

Coin references

No coin references available.

Spatial metadata

County or Unitary authority: Norfolk (County)

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: LEIC
Created: 2 years ago
Updated: About one year ago

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