KENT-E4D426: 11th century bridle cheek piece

Rights Holder: Kent County Council
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BRIDLE BIT

Unique ID: KENT-E4D426

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete late early-medieval Anglo-Scandinavian cheek piece, dating to the 11th century.

Description: The cheek piece remains as part of the central panel with circular hole for the attachment of the bit, the long central projecting arm to attach it to a strap has broken away. The right of two outwardly facing zoomorphic terminal arms remains with a long neck, trilobed crested head with lentoid eyes and an open mouth. A the base of the neck is an additional flange of metal, with incised decoration likely meant to represent the foot of the beast. The left neck is snapped a short distance from the body of the mount, although the foot survives and appears to mirror the right. The entirely object is mottled mid green and mid red-brown, the reverse is undecorated. as well as the missing beast head and attachment arm the surface of the cheek piece is heavily pitted and the edges abraded.

Measurements: 64.49mm wide, 44.81mm long, 5.71mm thick and 38.97g in weight.

Discussion: This cheek piece fits a known group of Anglo-Scandinavian inspired bridle fittings described by David Williams (2007, 1-2). The bridle bits would have been used in pairs and each is pierced with a round hole through which the ends of the jointed iron bit (the bar which the horse clenches in its teeth) projected. Sometimes this hole has been worn through friction against the bit, causing the cheek piece to be discarded David Williams (2007, 1). This example fits Williams' type 1, with a fragment of a particularly closely related example coming from Surrey, SUR-E1C4D7.

Class: cheekpiece
Sub class: Williams Type 1

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod to: Early
Period to: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1020
Date to: Circa AD 1100

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 44.81 mm
Width: 64.49 mm
Thickness: 5.71 mm
Weight: 38.97 g

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Jo Ahmet
Identified by: Mr Jo Ahmet

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Decoration style: Zoomorphic
Completeness: Incomplete
Surface Treatment: Incised or engraved or chased

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Kent (County)
District: Shepway (District)
Parish or ward: Newchurch (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TR0632
Four figure Latitude: 51.05039291
Four figure longitude: 0.93773583
1:25K map: TR0632
1:10K map: TR03SE
Grid reference source: Generated from computer mapping software
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: KENT
Created: About one year ago
Updated: 4 months ago

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