DUR-8EEC64: DUR-8EEC64_ALLCOINS_size50

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HOARD

Unique ID: DUR-8EEC64

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Treasure Number: 2017-T283

Description: The hoard comprises 45 silver pennies dating of the type introduced by Edward I (r. 1272-1307) in 1279 and continued through the reigns of Edward II (1307-27) into the 1330s, in the early years of Edward III (1327-1377). There are two Scottish coins of Alexander III's Second Coinage (c.1280-86) and a single continental sterling imitation. The majority of the coins date from between 1280 and 1310; the Edward III coin dates from 1327 to 1335. The silver coinage of England was struck to what would become known as the sterling standard, over 90% fine metal; this standard was followed in Scotland at this time; the great majority of sterlings of Gui de Dampierre were 80-90% fine.

The coins were recovered from an arable field that sloped gently to the west, at a depth of between 0.05m and 0.4m. A small trench, measuring c.1.5m north/south by 0.5m east/west was excavated over the area the where the main concentration of coins were identified (see images). The coins were found within the topsoil deposits, which overlay a thin layer of clayey rubble (c.0.1m thick), which in turn overlay the natural clay subsoil. Whilst most coins were recovered from the concentrated area described above, a number were identified up to 10m to the west, indicating that hoard was dispersed, mostly likely by modern ploughing. It is likely that the hoard was deposited during a single episode in an organic container that has since disintegrated. No pottery sherds or other related finds were identified.

Summary:

45 coins from the reigns of Edward I-III

2 Alexander III (1249-1286)

1 Guy of Dampierre (Continental Sterling Imitation; 'Pollard')

Notes:

The coins are good silver, were likely in circulation together, represent a selected body of material (in that the lesser denominations of halfpenny and farthing are not present) and were deposited early in the reign of Edward III, probably in the 1330s. The find would therefore fulfil the criteria of Treasure, according to the terms of the 1996 Act.

References:

Mayhew, N.J., 1983. Sterling imitations of Edwardian type. Royal Numismatic Society.

North, J.J., 1991. English hammered coinage. Vol. 2. Spink & Son, London.

Spink., 2002. Standard Catalogue of British Coins: Pre-decimal Issues. Coins of Scotland, Ireland and the islands (Jersey, Guernsey, Man & Lundy). Spink.

Catalogue:

Pennies of the Edwardian sterling series, 1279-c.1333

Class 1 (1279)

  1. 1c London 1.36g (22)

Class 3 (1280-1)

  1. 3b Canterbury 1.17 (16)
  2. 3c London 1.38 (1)
  3. 3c London 1.28 (15)
  4. 3c London 1.28 (31)
  5. 3d London 1.01 (47)
  6. 3e Newcastle 1.34 (19)
  7. 3e York 1.33 (35)
  8. 3g London 1.08 (44)

Class 4 (1283-9)

  1. 4a Canterbury 1.29 (4)
  2. 4b London 1.29 (7)
  3. 4b London 1.11 (36)
  4. 4c London 1.23 (27)
  5. 4c London 1.3 (34)
  6. 4c/d London 1.06 (9)
  7. 4d/c London 1.37 (46)
  8. 4d London 1.36 (26)
  9. 4d London 1.29 (41)
  10. 4e London 1.27 (43)

Class 9 (1299-1301

  1. 9b2 London 1.44 (8)

Class 10ab (1301-c.mid-1305)

  1. 10ab1 London 1.25 (30)
  2. 10ab2 Durham 1.27 (23)
  3. 10ab5 Bury St Edmunds 1.36 (42)

Class 10cf (c. mid-1305-c.late-1310)

  1. 10cf1 London 1.37 (2)
  2. 10cf1 London 1.19 (12)
  3. 10cf2\(a) Durham 1.2 (6)
  4. 10cf2(a) Canterbury 1.26 (24)
  5. 10cf2(b) Canterbury 1.28 (39)
  6. 10cf2(b) London 1.3 (25)
  7. 10cf2(b) Canterbury 1.33 (32)
  8. 10cf3(a3) Canterbury 1.28 (10)
  9. 10cf3(b1) Canterbury 1.22 (20)
  10. 10cf3(b1) London 1.26 (48)
  11. 10cf3(b2) London 1.38 (13)
  12. 10cf5(a1) Canterbury 1.24 (11)
  13. 10cf5(a1) London 1.38 (28)
  14. 10cf5(a1) London 1.3 (14)
  15. 10cf London 1.32 (29)

Class 11 (c. late-1310 to c. 1314)

  1. 11b3 London 1.3 (33)

Class 14 (c.1317-20)

  1. 14 Bury St Edmunds 1.4 (17)

Class 15 (1320 to c.1333)

  1. 15c Canterbury 1.32 (3)
  2. 15c Bury St Edmunds 1.24 (18)
  3. 15c London 1.36 (37)
  4. 15d Durham 0.88* (21)
  5. 15d Durham 1.22 (45)

Scotland

Alexander III, Second Coinage (c. 1280-1286)

  1. E 0.85* (5)
  2. Ma 1.3 (40)

Continental sterling

Flanders & Namur

  1. Gui de Dampierre (1279-1505) M12 1.17 (38)

Authors: Benjamin Westwood, Finds Liaison Officer for Durham, Darlington & Teesside

Date: 07/06/217

Dr Barrie J. Cook, Curator of Medieval and Early Modern Coinage, Department of Coins and Medals, British Museum

Date: 14/08/2017

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: Regional importance

Subsequent actions

Current location of find: British Museum
Subsequent action after recording: Submitted for consideration as Treasure

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2017T283

Chronology

Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Period to: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1280
Date to: Circa AD 1330

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 45

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Monday 13th March 2017 - Friday 24th March 2017

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Benjamin Westwood
Identified by: Mr Benjamin Westwood

Other reference numbers

Treasure case number: 2017T283

Materials and construction

Primary material: Silver
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: North East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: County Durham (Unitary Authority)
District: County Durham (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: Lanchester Area

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: GPS (From FLO)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Chance find during metal detecting
Current location: British Museum
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Operations to a depth greater than 0.25m

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: DUR
Created: About one year ago
Updated: 3 months ago

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