DENO-7D6BBD: Roman to Post Medieval: Convex Spindle Whorl

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SPINDLE WHORL

Unique ID: DENO-7D6BBD

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A complete lead or lead alloy convex spindle whorl, of the Roman to Post Medieval period, dating from c.AD 43 - c.AD 1650.

The spindle whorl is broadly oval in form, and D shaped in cross section. The central hole is broadly circular in shape and has been cast slightly off centre. The internal diameter of the hole measures roughly 6.5 mm wide, (the base of the hole appears wider, and 11.8 mm). The upper face is domed and the lower face is flat. No traces of decoration are present on the upper or lower faces. The lower face has a circumferential groove in the surface around the perforation. There is evidence of post depositional damge in the form of pitting, indentations and scratching on the surface of the object.

The whorl measures 29.5 mm in length and is 26.2 mm wide. It has a thickness of 12.9 mm and weighs 54.9 g (1.94 oz).

The whorl is of a light brown colour, with an even surface patina. Abrasion, caused by movement whilst within the plough soil, has resulted in a loss of some of the original surface detail. Other similar examples of this type of whorl have been recorded on the database including, WMID-290CA4, WMID-C66B7C, WMID-716E63 and WMID-799A20.

Spindle whorls, as an artefact type, can be hard to date accurately as they remained in use for a long period of time, however lead alloy spindle whorls of this type are normally attributed to the Medieval period (c. AD 1100 to AD1450). The weight of the spindle whorl is suggestive of a thick wool thread being spun, as there is a direct relationship between the weight of the whorl and the thickness of the resulting thread. Fine threads such as silk require a lighter whorl than those used to spun wool or linen.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: UNKNOWN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: POST MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 43
Date to: Circa AD 1650

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 29.5 mm
Width: 26.2 mm
Thickness: 12.9 mm
Weight: 54.9 g
Diameter: 11.8 mm

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Miss Helen Glenn (Derby)
Identified by: Miss Helen Glenn (Derby)

Other reference numbers

Other reference: Derby E8493

Materials and construction

Primary material: Lead Alloy
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: East Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Derbyshire (County)
District: Amber Valley (District)
Parish or ward: Kirk Langley (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SK2938
Four figure Latitude: 52.93861696
Four figure longitude: -1.56994589
1:25K map: SK2938
1:10K map: SK23NE
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Discovery circumstances: Found whilst out detecting

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: DENO
Created: 2 years ago
Updated: 2 years ago

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